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Causes, signs and Symptoms of throat cancer


Cancer, the word itself forces you to imagine a person’s ugly face after the treatment is done. In spite of knowing the fact that smoking is injurious to health, people are more following the trend of smoking, chewing tobacco and snuff, all these stuffs have came in fashion now a day’s which creates maximum risk of throat cancer. To know the symptoms and signs just have a look at this article.

throat-cancer
People above 50 are at higher risk of developing throat cancer. Men are 10 times at higher risk of developing cancer rather than women.

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A class of disease in which abnormal cells get multiplied and divides uncontrollably in the entire body is referred to as cancer.
These abnormal cells forms the growth of malignant cells called as tumours.Throat cancer refers to the cancer that causes damage to the vocal cords and other parts of the throat as well, such as tonsils. The hollow tube which runs behind the nose to the top of windpipe is pharyngeal cancer. And the cancer which is formed in the vocal cords is termed as laryngeal cancer. According to the study, there are more cases of pharyngeal cancer rather than laryngeal cancer.

Symptoms of Throat cancer


You should consult your dentist or health care professional if you notice any of the symptoms as follows:-

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  • • Swelling

  • • Red or white patches developed in the mouth

  • • Bleeding from the mouth

  • • Pain in the facial area, mouth or in neck

  • • Pain in ear

  • • Unexpected weight loss

  • • It gets difficult to chew or swallow the food

  • • Change in voice

Don’t be afraid, if you are observing all the above symptoms, it does not typically always mean that you are suffering from throat cancer but it’s important to discuss this with your doctor to avoid the health problems. It is estimated that men are more likely to develop cancer than women.

Risk factors for the development of oral cancer include:

Smoking: pipe smokers, cigar or cigarette develop cancer six times more than non smokers.
Smokeless tobacco users:chewing of tobacco is 50 times more likely to develop cancers of the cheek, gums, and lining of the lips
Excessive consumption of alcohol: more common in drinkers Hereditary problem
Excessive exposure to sun at young age.
It’s important to note that about 25% of all oral cancers occur in people who do not smoke and who only drink alcohol occasionally.

Diagnosing throat cancer


Throat cancer should be diagnosed as early as possible, which will help to increase your chances of successful treatment and gives the maximum ability to swallow as well as speak.
Doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history at your appointment. If the person is experiencing constant cough, sore throat, which has no improvement, then the patient may suffer from throat cancer. Doctor will undergo laryngoscope which gives the closer view of your throat. If this test reveals abnormalities, your doctor may take a tissue sample from your throat (biopsy) and test the sample for cancer.

How does a person get a second opinion after a throat cancer diagnosis?


Before starting treatment, you may want a second opinion about your diagnosis, stage of cancer, and treatment plan. Some people worry that the doctor will be offended if they ask for a second opinion. Usually the opposite is true.

If you get a second opinion, the second doctor may agree with your first doctor's diagnosis and treatment plan. Or, the second doctor may suggest another approach. Either way, you'll have more information and perhaps a greater sense of control.

You can feel more confident about the decisions you make, knowing that you've looked at all of your options. It may take some time and effort to gather your medical records and see another doctor. The delay in starting treatment usually will not make treatment less effective. To make sure, you should discuss this delay with your doctor.

Treatment


As throat cancer affects breathing, talking, hearing full rehabilitation should be done. The treatment allotted to the patient by doctor will depend upon the level of your disease, along with the other facts. For throat cancer there are different treatment options such as:-

  1. Surgery
  2. If the size of the tumour in your throat is small then doctor may remove the tumour surgically. In the hospital when you are under sedation.
  3. Radiation therapy
  4. After the removal of tumour, doctor may recommend radiation therapy, which uses high energy rays for destroying the malignant cancer cells and will destroy all the left out cancerous cells behind the tumour.
  5. Chemotherapy
  6. Chemotherapy is a kind of drug that kills and slows the growth of malignant cells. In case of large tumours and tumours that have spread to the lymph nodes and other organs or tissue, your doctor may recommend radiation, as well as chemotherapy.

How to prevent Throat cancer?


  • • Intake of tobacco products should be minimized, as well as smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • • Well balanced diet should be included on daily basis
  • • Exposure to sunlight should be minimized. Repeated exposure increases the risk of cancer on the lip, especially the lower lip. Sunscreen lotions should be used on your skin as well as on lips.
You can reduce the stress routine by joining cancer support group, and sharing your feelings with people diagnosed with same disorder which will help you not feel alone. Smoking and drinking should be avoided; intake of tobacco should be reduced.

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