Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome – During the procedure of test tube baby, there is a risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome due to the use of fertility drugs such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).
The drugs may cause the ovaries to overreact, due to which they swell up and are painful. The patient experiences bloating, vomiting, nausea, heartburn, loss of appetite, diarrhea and mild abdominal pain which may last for about a week.
It is quite rare, but in severe cases, it may cause shortness of breath and rapid weight gain. However, the symptoms may last for several weeks if you have conceived.
Do not let this complication scare you as most of the cases are mild and can be easily treated.
Complications during egg retrieval - During the process of egg retrieval, the doctor uses a hollow needle to collect the eggs which may cause infection, bleeding or damage to the blood vessels, bowel or bladder.
Ectopic Pregnancy - Ectopic pregnancy occurs if the fertilized egg implants itself outside the uterus in the fallopian tube. This can happen to around 2-5% women who have conceived with the help of test tube baby procedure. As it is not possible for the fertilized eggs to survive outside the uterus, the pregnancy has to be terminated.
Miscarriage - The chances of miscarriage in women who have conceived by the procedure of test tube baby using fresh embryos is similar to women who have conceived naturally. But the rate of miscarriage increases slightly if frozen embryos are used or if the age of the women is on the higher side.
Multiple births - It is one of the major complication of test tube baby process as it increases the risk of multiple births. This happens when more than one embryo is transferred to the uterus. Multiple births can cause lots of complications such as miscarriage, obstetrical complications, early labor and low birth weight.
Early labor and low birth weight - According to the researchers, the process of test tube baby may slightly increase the risk of the baby being born early or having low birth weight.
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