Facial hair is often a concern for many men who want to join in the latest trend of impressive goatees and well-groomed beard and moustache.
Thankfully, recent technological developments have made beard and moustache transplants much quicker and simpler and more readily available to those who want to be able to grow a full and thick beard and moustache.
Facial hair transplant is a surgical method which implants the hair to areas where facial hair development is thin or missing.
It can be done to restore the beard, moustache, goatee as well as the sideburns or for that matter anywhere that hair is desired even if the hair has never grown in that area before.
It can also conceal acne scars or injury marks.
The first thing that crosses your mind when you hear the word Beard and Moustache Transplant is, “Is it really possible??”
Yes, surgical hair restoration of the facial hair is now a reality thanks to advance medical procedures.
The beard and moustache transplant is a procedure somewhat like scalp hair transplant which includes extracting hair follicles from back or sides of the scalp called donor area and implanting the hair according to the requirements of the person on the beard, moustache and chin area of face using Follicular Unit Extraction method or Follicular unit transplantation.
The extraction of hair follicles can be done on any part of the body where there is enough hair to extract like chest.
The following is the procedure for Beard and Moustache Hair Transplantation.
First, the doctor will inspect the donor area to look whether there is enough hair to use for beard and moustache transplant. Then, he will discuss with the patient about his desired density for facial transplant.
If the patient wants his facial hair to look like a 3-day long beard and moustache or prefer having high density, then the physicians will use the grafts with more than one hair follicles.
Hairline designing is to know the required number of hair follicles for extraction on the donor area.
The following is the process to know the number of follicles to be removed:
Surgery starts with local anaesthesia which usually takes about five to ten minutes and the effect of it will last for 4 to 5 hours.
The second part of the beard and moustache transplant procedure is extraction of hair follicles. There are two types of methods in the extraction of hair follicles for Beard and Moustache/Facial Transplant.
Follicular Unit Extraction
Follicular unit extraction (FUE) beard & moustache transplant works by directly extracting the hair follicles from donor area usually from the back and sides of the scalp where the density of hair is high.
Using a tiny semi-circular incision the follicles will be extracted that have one to four hairs in each that are ready for implantation.
Another method is Follicular unit transplantation (FUT), the procedure uses cutting edge technology which involves extracting an entire strip of skin with hair on it from the back side of scalp called “donor area”.
Using a microscope, they will create hundreds of tiny, natural-looking grafts from the strip which are ready to be implanted.
The extraction of hair grafts from the donor area is done based on the required number of hair follicles on the recipient site.
FUE is the most preferable method for transplantation because it prevents stitches and scar on the donor area.
To extract hair follicles through FUE method the physicians normally use 7mm(millimetre) burr(Tool) to reduce the scarring and to get very fine hair for transplantation.
Once completing the extraction part, the patient will get a 30-minute break to refresh and grab some lunch before the surgeon starts doing the implantation.
The Physician will count the number of hair follicles and the kind of follicle grafts require for the natural result and density are counted.
The implantation process starts with final adjustments to the beard and moustache line so that it looks exactly as the patient desires.
The extracted hair follicles are implanted into the beard & moustache area as per the design.
Anaesthesia by Using Field Block on Face
The local anaesthesia which blocks Peripheral nerve is given around the most arches and the beard and moustache area so that the patient is pain-free during the implantation.
There are two types of methods in the implantation Process.
Hair grafts are implanted by Stick & Placement Method in which the needle and forceps are used to insert the hair follicles into the skin.
First with the help of needle the physician will make holes and simultaneously with the forceps he will insert the hair grafts in the middle pole of needle.
After inserting the hair grafts inside the mid pole of the needle, the needle is drawn back in such a way that the hair grafts are implanted into the skin.
Another method is making slits on the face with the help of 18-gauge needle.
In these pre-made holes the physician will insert the hair grafts into the skin with the help of forceps.
The physicians will also maintain a good density of hair while implanting the hair follicles.
Post Beard & Moustache implant
Once the implantation process is done the physicians will wash the implantation area with antibiotic solution to disinfect the entire area.
After that once again, the entire area is washed with saline to remove any extra particles. And then the physician will apply ointment.
For the entire Beard Transplant it will take 6-8 hours for 2000-2500 hair grafts in total this includes pre-surgery workup like consent, surgery area plan and hairline markings, hair trim, antimicrobial shampoo, local anaesthesia, Hair graft extraction, lunch break, graft implantation, dressing, medicines and after operation instructions.
As far as the recovery period goes, the first 5 days after the procedure the transplanted area must be kept dry.
Generally, the tiny crusts around each graft will typically fall out after 4 to 6 days
Later, after 1 to 2 weeks the transplanted hairs will fall off. Then the new hair will start to re-grow after around 3months and they will continue to grow for a lifetime.
You are advised not to do grooming or touching as much as possible in order to allow the transplanted follicles to rest in their new location.
Since, Beard and moustache transplant is a surgical procedure, patients can expect some general side effects like
Most of the above-mentioned side effects will naturally heel after 5-7 days of surgery by following suggestions from the physician.
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