The metropolis of Pune is a center of business and academia. The city with its cool and dry climate is a mix of modernity, spiritualism and capitalism. People living in cities such as Pune have a taxing time as they have to deal with higher rates of pollution, crime, social isolation and various other environmental stress. Constant and too much stress makes people ill-equipped to handle further stress and make them prone to mental illness. Due to this reason psychiatrists in Pune are sought after as many people consult them for their problems.
PSYCHIATRISTS- WHO ARE THEY?
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is trained in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of emotional, mental and addictive disorders.
A psychiatrist must have excellent knowledge about basic psychology and must have psychotherapy skills so as to influence the patient’s disorder with minimum medication. Many mental disorders such as anxiety, depression and certain phobias may be treated through psychotherapy. Medications are mostly used when therapy and counseling fail to produce the desired results.
Psychiatrists provide treatment for mental disorders with compassion and patience. They possess high level of emotional intelligence and excellent communication skills to understand the patient’s mental and emotional problems and provide them the best treatment possible.
Different types of psychiatrists in Pune
General adult psychiatrists-They are trained to treat all the psychological problems from mild to severe to chronic.
Child and adolescent psychiatrists- They are trained to treat all psychiatric problems but they focus on treating problems related to children and adolescents.
Addiction psychiatrists-They specialize in treating people with addiction to alcohol and drugs.
Forensic psychiatrists- They work in forensic state hospitals and prisons. They also evaluate suspects of crimes for mental illness.
Geriatric psychiatrists-They specialize in treating people of advanced age group who have psychiatric problems and also treat patients with dementia.
WHAT ARE THE VARIOUS MENTAL ILLNESSES OR DISORDERS TREATED BY PSYCHIATRISTS IN PUNE
Given below are some of the common mental illnesses diagnosed by the psychiatrists:
1) Anxiety disorders
Social anxiety disorder
Post- traumatic stress disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder
2) Mood disorder
3) Eating disorder
Binge eating disorder
6) Personality disorders
Treatment for various mental illnesses
Treatment for mental illness depends on the severity of the illness and the best treatment that works for the patient; it can be a combination of treatments which the psychiatrists can formulate for them.
Medications- Psychiatrist uses them so as to improve the symptoms of mental illness.
Psychotherapy- It helps the patient to manage stress and cope with it.
Brain stimulation- Electroconvulsive therapy when medications and psychotherapy have failed.
Hospital treatment programs- It is recommended when the illness becomes very severe or there are chances that the patient may harm himself or others.
Substance abuse treatment- Treatment is provided to help the patient from using alcohol or drugs.
The patient should try and adopt positive outlook in life and include stress management techniques as it will make their life better. It is necessary that they follow their therapy sessions and medications regularly as skipping them may cause withdrawal- like symptoms.