When you are at age of 10, your eyes are soft and flexible. It becomes easy for an eye to change its shape very easily, and allows you to focus only on the objects far as well as close. After you cross 40, your lens tend to become more rigid, because it becomes really difficult for the lens to change its shape, as it use to do before, it becomes difficult to read at near distance. This normal condition is called as Presbyopia. At the age of 40 your eyes starts losing their aim. It may happen to overall 100% population during midlife. The "eye aging" is natural part and a signal that you are getting older and it mainly affects everyone.
It is a part of life. It can make you daily activities such as reading very challenging. But many thanks to the eye glasses, that can correct the impaired vision.


  • Presbyopia is also referred as Farsightedness by many eye specialists. Eyesight that is blurring on any object that is nearby gets clear when you observe anything on far distance.
  • So people who are addicted of watching TV, there might be a problem for them
    Presbyopia is widely spread. According to the census, over the age of 40, 135 million people suffer from it. As the growing citizen are increasing in the country, eventually it generates the demand of eye wear, contact lenses, as well as the demand for surgery that deals with the disorder also increases.

    The common symptom occurs at the age of 40, for many people. The symptom basically includes a gradual deterioration in your ability to do your work or to read. Common symptoms include:-

  • Difficulty in reading small alphabets
  • Having fatigue from doing work
  • Headaches after reading books or newspaper
  • Eye strain
  • People suffering, may need bright light at the time of reading or doing near work
  • Need to hold the reading stuff at an arm's distance to focus on it properly
  • Problem on seeing and focusing on objects that are closer to you
  • squinting
    Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a condition that has similar symptoms to presbyopia. However, many people are not aware that they're two different disorders. In both the conditions, far objects are clear but closer objects appear blur.
    Hyperopia occurs when your eye is shorter than the normal or your cornea is too flat. With all these abnormalities, the light rays focus behind your retina, just as in presbyopia. Moreover, hyperopia is a refractive error that is present, since the child is born. There are possibilities to suffer from hyperopia and then develop presbyopia with age.


  • The lens in your eye are flexible and elastic, when you are young, with the help of ring of tiny muscles, lens has the ability to change its shape and size, as a result to which it can adjust itself in far and close objects
  • As your age increases with time, lens and muscle fibre of your eye slowly and gradually loses its flexibility and stiffness, which creates impossibility for the eye to focus on closer image
  • For ex. If you are holding a newspaper in your hand, your hand may occur blurry, whereas, all the far objects may appear perfect

  • There are certain drugs and disease that can cause presbyopia to people of age less than 40
  • In many cases when the symptoms occur, little earlier than usual, then it is called as premature presbyopia
  • If else you observe its symptoms at an early age, then that may be the sign of medical condition. You are at greater risk of premature presbyopia if you have the following:-

    1. Low normal blood cells : Anaemia
    2. Cardiovascular disease
    3. Diabetes
    4. If you find difficulty in looking at near objects than far ones
    5. An autoimmune disease that affects your spine and brain :multiple sclerosis
    6. Disorder affecting nerves and muscles :myasthenia gravis
    7. Eye disease
    8. insufficiency vascular, or low blood flow

    If you notice any kind of change in your vision, there are chances that your retina may get damage very badly. Most people with nonproliferative retinopathy mostly have no symptoms. Even along with it people complaint of having no symptoms, that can be the dangerous form because, then it gets too late to treat them. Only for this reason you should examine your eyes with an eye care professional.


    Consult your eye specialist if you see any symptoms of presbyopia, even if you think that you are not experiencing it, and then also it is necessary to consult a doctor at an age of 40. As per the Academy of Ophthalmology people not suffering from any symptom should have their eye check-up at an age of 40. Presbyopia has tendency to be diagnosed as an integral part of a comprehensive eye examination. A typical eye exam includes test to evaluate your eyes for the presence of further diseases and vision disorders. Your pupils are dilated with the help of an eye drop, and the doctor can examine the insight of eye.