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AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD)


age-related-macular-degeneration

As the age of people increases, their eyes age as well with them. According to the Vision Council, around 2 people out of 10 over the age of 60 develop the condition that directly has a negative impact on their eye. Loss of vision, low eye sight, can make their life even challenging by snatching their independency and relying on others for small small things.
Moreover, impaired vision may also put their life in a serious health issue along with falls and accidents. As a result, it is always important to be aware of vision impact, and when to take medical help from an ophthalmologist. Here are the conditions you may look out for.

FIRSTLY WHAT IS AMD?


  • AMD is the common cause of vision among the people of age 50 or more than that
  • It basically causes damage to macula (a small spot near the centre of the retina or say part of the eye, that is needed for sharp and central vision, that helps us to see the objects in a straight direction
  • In many people, AMD advances so slowly, that they might not notice their vision loss for longer time
  • Whereas, in others, disease may progress little faster such as they may experience loss of vision in both their eyes
  • Over a period of time, blurred area may grow to such an extent that you may even develop blank spots in your central vision. Objects may or may not appear as bright as they are
  • Person suffering from AMD is not likely to develop complete blindness, they just loose central vision and they may face difficulty in driving, reading, cooking and so on
  • WHO ALL ARE AT RISK?


    One of the major risk factor for AMD is Age. The disease is generally developed after 60, but don't be so happy because it may even occur earlier. Other risk factors for AMD are as:


  • Smoking : according to the research, it has been concluded that smoking can double the risk of developing AMD.
  • Race : AMD is more likely to see among Caucasians than among African-Americans or Hispanics/Latinos.
  • Past Family history and Genetics : People having AMD in their genes are at higher risk. Researcher has identified that, nearly 20 generation have the risk of developing AMD. You may also see offers for testing the AMD, because AMD is influenced by many genes, in addition the environmental factors like smoking. At present, there are no tests available in order to diagnose AMD, or to know who may develop it.
  • DOES LIFESTYLE MAKE A BID DIFFERENCE?


    According to the researchers, there is link between AMD and some lifestyle choices, such as smoking. You may reduce your level of risk for AMD or you may even slow its progress by making the following healthy choice in your daily life:


  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly on daily basis
  • Maintain normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Eat a healthy diet especially green leafy vegetables and fish
  • HOW IS AMD DETECTED?


    Diabetic retinopathy and DME are diagnosed at the time of comprehensive dilated eye exam which includes:


  • Visual acuity test : This eye chart is helpful in measuring your eye sight at far distance
  • Dilated eye exam : Your doctor places an eye drops in order to widen or dilate the pupils. This helps the doctor for the better view of the back side of your eye. Using a special magnifying lens, doctor peeps into your retina and optic nerve for signs of AMD or any other eye problems
  • Amsler grid : Another sign of AMD is your eye care professional may ask you to look on it. If changes occur, then your central vision may cause lines in the grid that may disappear
  • Fluorescein angiogram : This test is done by an ophthalmologist, a fluorescent dye is inserted into your arm. Images are taken as the dye goes through your blood vessel in the eye. It allows to see the leaking blood vessels, properly, that may occur in severe, rapid type of AMD. Only in rare case, complications may arise to inject it
  • Optical coherence tomography : You might have surely heard about ultrasound, which uses sound wave to collect the image of living tissues. OCT is same as that of Ultra sound, the only difference prevailing is that, it uses light waves, and is capable of catching high resolution images of any tissue that penetrates through light such as eye. After that your eyes are dilated, you could be asked to keep your head on chin and hold it for few seconds while getting the pictures. Moreover, the light beam that gets passed through is free of pain.
  • HOW IS AMD TREATED?


  • As per now there is no cure detected for AMD, but there are some treatments that may delay its progress or may even improve the vision
  • Its treatment totally depends on the stage of disease. There is no FDA approved treatment yet for it
  • COPING WITH AMD


    AMD and vision, can affect your life hand in hand. This statement is true especially, if you lose your vision fastly.
    Even if you are having slight loss of vision, it becomes difficult for you to live your life. You may need to cut your work off, your relationship may take a change, you may become dependent on other, you might need somebody help every time. These changes in your life may lower your confidence and may lead a person towards depression.
    Moreover, to get medically treated with AMD, there are things you can cope up with:

  • Be aware about vision loss
  • Stay positive. People who stay alive with happiness are better able to cope with any medical condition whether it be AMD or vision loss.
  • Try to engage yourself with family and friends.

  • However, you may not be able to restore your vision, but your low vision can help you to make the most, out of remaining. You can continue enjoying with your friends, family, just as you always have.