GLAUCOMA


"The eyes are the windows to the soul"- I am sure you must have read this expression which is used frequently to describe the deep connection one feels when looking into another’s eyes. The point here is sight is the sense which everyone value more than the rest.

Glaucoma, referred as a silent thief affects the vision slowly before one realizes that something is wrong with vision. Worldwide the cases of glaucoma are continuously on the rise.

The presence of many renowned eye hospitals makes India a preferred destination for glaucoma treatment. Top hospitals in India use latest machines and advanced techniques for all kinds of eye treatment.

Manipal hospital, Vasan hospital and Narayana nethralaya hospital are some of the prime hospitals in Bangalore with quality eye care facilities.

If you want to know more about the best hospitals in India, please click here to book appointment and consultation.


GLAUCOMA

First we should understand what is Glaucoma?


Glaucoma is a condition that damages your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It usually happens which builds-up in the front parts of your eye that increases the pressure inside your eye. Glaucoma a leading blindness for people over 60 years or may not show up until later in life.According to data we can understand correctly that in India age group from 0-2 to 41-60 and 60+ faces this problem of glaucoma.Treatment includes eye drops, medication and surgery. The increased pressure is called intraocular pressure can damage the optic nerve and which transmit image to your brain. Glaucoma is a disease which can cause permanent damage to your eye’s or vision loss within few years. The biggest drawback is that glaucoma has no early symptoms and pain. To prevent or to reduce the loss of complete blindness you have to do regular check-up for your eyes before long-term vision loss.

If you’re near to the age of 40 and have a family history of eye weakness then you should have a regular eye check-up from specialist in every 1-2 years. Or you have any disease like diabetes or in family history of glaucoma then you may have to go often.

What Causes Glaucoma?


Causes Glaucoma

Its results to increase of high fluid pressure inside your eye. This happens when the liquid in the front part of your eye which doesn’t circulate the way it should be done. The fluid called aqueous humor flows out of your eye through a mesh-like channel.If this channel gets blocked, the liquid builds up. That’s what is called as glaucoma.It’s rare, but sometimes eye surgery to correct another condition can bring it on. It will usually affects both eyes, but it may be worse in one than the other.

There are two types of Glaucoma?


  • Open-Angle Glaucoma
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma
types_of_glua1

Open-Angle Glaucoma- This is the most common type of glaucoma. Your doctor can call it as wide-angle glaucoma, where the eye does not drain fluid as it should be. This results eye pressure builds and damage optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is painless and causes no vision loss at first.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma- This type is less common in west than Asia. Your eye doesn’t drain right because the angle of iris and cornea is too narrow. Iris is in the way. This can cause sudden build-up pressure in your eye.This is called an acute attack. If it is a true eye emergency then you should call your ophthalmologist right on the point or you can get blind.

Who it gets diagnosed?


Your eye specialist will use a drop to open your pupils. After that he will test and examine your eyes. Then he will check your optic nerve and it is glaucoma, it will look a certain way. He may take photography of your nerve which helps the doctor to track your disease over time. He will do a test called tonometry to check the build-up pressure on your eyes. He may also do a visual flied test, if necessary to check whether, if you've lost your side, or peripheral, vision. Glaucoma tests are painless and take very little time.

Cost of Glaucoma Surgery?


Cost is the major factor for any surgery and this is one of the reason why people visit Asian countries specially India.

In India, conventional and laser surgery cost is around rs.20000/- to 30000/- ($300-$450) depending upon selected hospital. In drainage implants surgery it is little bit expensive which comes around a total of rs.40000/- to rs.50000/- ($650-$750)because of the cost of the shunt. Therefore this is the reason glaucoma is affordable in India rather than developed countries and many Asian countries.

Instrument used for diagnosis of glaucoma


Glaucoma causes various changes in optic nerve head and which changes the vision felid of an individual. All the modern technology used for the diagnosis of glaucoma.
Following are the instruments which are used for diagnosis of glaucoma.

  1. Applanation Tonometry-Applanation Tonometry is used to measure the eye pressure which is currently the only modifiable factor in glaucoma.
  2. applanation_tonometry

  3. Gonioscope- Gonioscope is a lens which is placed over the eye of the patient that helps doctor to grab information about the drainage angle. This is the area that allowsthe fluid that controls the pressure. It helps to classify two main types of glaucoma. Open-angle Glaucoma and Angle-Closure Glaucoma.
  4. Gonioscope

  5. Ultrasound Pachymetry-Helps to measure the corneal thickness. The eye pressure measurements can be affected by variations in the thickness of corneal.
  6. Ultrasound Pachymetry

  7. Disc Stereo Photography- This machine is used to measure the optic nerve and also helps to check the changes over a period of time.
  8. Disc Stereo Photography

As we learn about the Glaucoma above in the article. Now we should know about the hospitals in India which helps to patient for the treatment.
Following is the list of eye hospitals in major cities of India.

    List of hospitals in Mumbai

  • KokilabenDhirubhaiAmbani
    Address:RaoSahebAchutrao, PatwardhanMarg, Four Bunglows, Andheri West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400053.
  • PD HINDUJA Hospital
    Address:Veer SawarkarMarg, Asavari, Mahim, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400016
  • Saifee Hospital
    Address:MaharshiKarve Road, Opposite Charni Road Railway Station, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400004.
  • AdityaJyot Address:Major Parmeshwaran Road, Opp S.I.W.S. College Gate No. 3, Wadala, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400031
  • List of hospitals in Delhi

  • Dr. R.P.Centre for ophthalmic sciences A.I.I.M.S
    Address:Dr.Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India -110029.
  • Shroff eye hospital
    Address:A-9, Kailash Colony, New Delhi – 110048
  • Guru Gobind Singh International Eye Centre
    Address:31, defense enclave, vikasmarg, delhi, delhi, 110092
  • List of hospitals in Bangalore

  • Sankara Eye Hospital
    Address:Varthur Main Road, Kundalahalli Gate, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560037
  • NarayanaNethralaya
    Address:Chord Road, 1st 'R' Block, Rajaji Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560010
  • Nethradhama Super Speciality Eye Hospital
    Address:Main Road, 2nd Block, Rajaji Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560010