Eyes are wonderful sensory organs. Our eyes allow us to enjoy the beauty of the world, and also experience the joy of learning, new activities and new adventures in our life. The human eye is an organ which reacts on light and pressure. The beauty of this organ is so huge that it is at par then any camera. But it feels so bad that those people with lack of vision they cannot see this beautiful world. So we discuss about the eyes and its important now let’s focuses on the diseases. There are many eye diseases which create blindness if proper care is not taken at the right time. In that case we should talk about the major eye disease i.e. It is estimated that there is more than 60 million cases of Glaucoma worldwide, which will increase to 80 million by 2020. And when it comes to India the statistic is huge in a mass case around 12 million glaucoma patient are there which one-fifth of the globalburden of glaucoma. Every year more than 1 million cases of glaucoma are register. More important more than 90% cases of glaucoma were undiagnosed and identified only the time of survey. Most of those with disease are undetected and there exist major challenges in detecting and treating those with disease. The existing manpower and resource constraints, we have option to evaluate improving case detection rates in the country.As a result, Glaucoma is causing blindness for more than 1.3 lakh Indian every year. So as we read above Glaucoma is India let’s talk learn about Glaucoma in depth.
First we should understand what is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a condition that damages your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It usually happens which builds-up in the front parts of your eye that increases the pressure inside your eye. Glaucoma a leading blindness for people over 60 years or may not show up until later in life.According to data we can understand correctly that in India age group from 0-2 to 41-60 and 60+ faces this problem of glaucoma.Treatment includes eye drops, medication and surgery. The increased pressure is called intraocular pressure can damage the optic nerve and which transmit image to your brain. Glaucoma is a disease which can cause permanent damage to your eye’s or vision loss within few years. The biggest drawback is that glaucoma has no early symptoms and pain. To prevent or to reduce the loss of complete blindness you have to do regular check-up for your eyes before long-term vision loss. If you’re near to the age of 40 and have a family history of eye weakness then you should have a regular eye check-up from specialist in every 1-2 years. Or you have any disease like diabetes or in family history of glaucoma then you may have to go often.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Its results to increase of high fluid pressure inside your eye. This happens when the liquid in the front part of your eye which doesn’t circulate the way it should be done. The fluid called aqueous humor flows out of your eye through a mesh-like channel.If this channel gets blocked, the liquid builds up. That’s what is called as glaucoma.It’s rare, but sometimes eye surgery to correct another condition can bring it on. It will usually affects both eyes, but it may be worse in one than the other.
There are two types of Glaucoma?
- Open-Angle Glaucoma
- Angle-Closure Glaucoma
Open-Angle Glaucoma- This is the most common type of glaucoma. Your doctor can call it as wide-angle glaucoma, where the eye does not drain fluid as it should be. This results eye pressure builds and damage optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is painless and causes no vision loss at first. Angle-Closure Glaucoma- This type is less common in west than Asia. Your eye doesn’t drain right because the angle of iris and cornea is too narrow. Iris is in the way. This can cause sudden build-up pressure in your eye.This is called an acute attack. If it is a true eye emergency then you should call your ophthalmologist right on the point or you can get blind.
Who it gets diagnosed?
Your eye specialist will use a drop to open your pupils. After that he will test and examine your eyes. Then he will check your optic nerve and it is glaucoma, it will look a certain way. He may take photography of your nerve which helps the doctor to track your disease over time. He will do a test called tonometry to check the build-up pressure on your eyes. He may also do a visual flied test, if necessary to check whether, if you've lost your side, or peripheral, vision. Glaucoma tests are painless and take very little time.
Cost of Glaucoma Surgery?
Cost is the major factor for any surgery and this is one of the reason why people visit Asian countries specially India. In India, conventional and laser surgery cost is around rs.20000/- to 30000/- ($300-$450) depending upon selected hospital. In drainage implants surgery it is little bit expensive which comes around a total of rs.40000/- to rs.50000/- ($650-$750)because of the cost of the shunt. Therefore this is the reason glaucoma is affordable in India rather than developed countries and many Asian countries.
Instrument used for diagnosis of glaucoma
Glaucoma causes various changes in optic nerve head and which changes the vision felid of an individual. All the modern technology used for the diagnosis of glaucoma. Following are the instruments which are used for diagnosis of glaucoma.
- Applanation Tonometry-Applanation Tonometry is used to measure the eye pressure which is currently the only modifiable factor in glaucoma.
- Gonioscope- Gonioscope is a lens which is placed over the eye of the patient that helps doctor to grab information about the drainage angle. This is the area that allowsthe fluid that controls the pressure. It helps to classify two main types of glaucoma. Open-angle Glaucoma and Angle-Closure Glaucoma.
- Ultrasound Pachymetry-Helps to measure the corneal thickness. The eye pressure measurements can be affected by variations in the thickness of corneal.
- Disc Stereo Photography- This machine is used to measure the optic nerve and also helps to check the changes over a period of time.
As we have learnt about the Glaucoma in the above article. Now we should know about the best hospital in India which provides the necessary treatment. Following is the list of eye hospitals in major cities of India.
Mumbai is also known for chain of quality hospitals, which provide high quality and cost effective healthcare. Mumbai is the financial hub and the life of people is busy and fast which hardly gives time to take care of our health. There are many reputed and well known hospitals in Mumbai, which give quality service to patients.
- KokilabenDhirubhaiAmbani Address:RaoSahebAchutrao, PatwardhanMarg, Four Bunglows, Andheri West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400053.
- PD HINDUJA Hospital Address:Veer SawarkarMarg, Asavari, Mahim, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400016
- Saifee Hospital Address:MaharshiKarve Road, Opposite Charni Road Railway Station, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400004.
- AdityaJyot Address:Major Parmeshwaran Road, Opp S.I.W.S. College Gate No. 3, Wadala, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400031
There are several hospitals in Delhi which have world-class infrastructure, highly experienced and professional doctors and latest diagnostic facilities. There are number of government and private hospitals in Delhi which provide cost-effective and affordable prices.
- Dr. R.P.Centre for ophthalmic sciences A.I.I.M.S Address:Dr.Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India -110029.
- Shroff eye hospital Address:A-9, Kailash Colony, New Delhi – 110048
- Guru Gobind Singh International Eye Centre Address:31, defense enclave, vikasmarg, delhi, delhi, 110092
All the major hospitals in Bangalore are accreditation of national and International association to ensure the best standards of medical treatment
- Sankara Eye Hospital Address:Varthur Main Road, Kundalahalli Gate, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560037
- NarayanaNethralaya Address:Chord Road, 1st 'R' Block, Rajaji Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560010
- Nethradhama Super Speciality Eye Hospital Address:Main Road, 2nd Block, Rajaji Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560010