Chandigarh is the capital of Punjab and Haryana and is one of the planned cities in independent India. It has the highest per capita income in the country and is one of the cleanest cities in India.It has taken great strides ahead in terms of modernization and the residents of Chandigarh are well aware of the advancement made in the field of science and technology.
Today people have become world citizen connected to each other through social media like skype, twitter and facebook etc. So looking their best has become a priority. Having healthy and thick hair enhances your beauty and if there is baldness, receding hairline or hair thinning due to any reason they do not hesitate to correct it. Hair transplant in Chandigarh is one such surgery which helps to restore your hair as well as yourlooks and self-esteem. It is aminorsurgery with minimal risk and great success rate, even the costof hair transplant in Chandigarh is nominal as compared to other places.
What is hair transplant?
Hair transplant is a procedure where the hair is moved from the area which is genetically resistant to balding like the back of the head called donor site to the area where there is baldness or scanty hair which is the top of the head called the recipient site.
Reason for hairfall:
Alopecia which is genetic is the major reason for hair loss. Men start losing their hair in late twenties and thirties due to male pattern baldness.
Stress can cause extreme hair loss and can also trigger the male pattern baldness.
People experience hairfall due to lack of healthy and balanced diet; they have protein, omega 3 andvitamin deficiency.
Some illness and medication can also trigger hair loss.
Hair follicles can be damaged permanently by excessive use of styling products which can cause thinning and sometimes stop the growth of hair.
Hair transplant is a procedure that requires great expertise so that you may get natural hair growth which last for lifetime, for that you need a surgeon who is qualified and has enough experience to carry out the surgery. It makes sense to be realistic about the surgery and weigh all the pros and cons regarding it. There are various options available so choose properly keeping your budget in mind.
Right candidate for hair transplant:
There is no age limit for a person to opt for hair transplant. Hair loss pattern in young candidate is still not established so hair transplant does not look natural over the period of time as they keep losing hair and they may have to do more transplants in future.
It is very important to have a steady supply of donor hair which can cover the area of hair loss as the final outcome of the surgery depends on the amount of hair available for transplant.
The candidate must be healthy with strong immune system so that recovery is fast and they are strong enough to fight infection. They should discuss all their medical issues with the doctor beforehand so that the doctor can plan the treatment accordingly
Hair transplant is done on an outpatient basis. The patient is made to feel relaxed and is mentally prepared for the surgery. The scalp is washed and treated with antibacterial agent and the surgery is done under local anesthesia.
TYPES OF HAIR TRANSPLANT
1. Follicular unit transplantation [FUT]
2. Follicular unit extraction [FUE]
PROCEDURE FOR FOLLICULAR UNIT TRANSPLANTATION [FUT] -
For follicular unit transplantation which is also called strip transplantation thin strip of tissue is removed from the back of the head which is called the donor site using sharp scalpel. The site is then sutured or stapled closed and in the meantime the strip is dissected into follicular unit graft which are individual grouping of naturally formed hair follicles and using microscopic binoculars excessive fatty tissues are removed carefully without damaging the follicular cells which will be used for grafting. The site for grafting is determined beforehand, even the density, pattern and the angling of the wound is preplanned so that the hair pattern looks natural. Finally the individual grafts are inserted in place by the technicians. This surgery leaves a thin linear scar which takes about two weeks to heal and the patient has to get the stitches removed by the doctor.
PROCEDURE FOR FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION [FUE] -
Follicular unit extraction is the method where the grafts are removed one by one from the donor area by using sharp rounded instrument called punches by hand. It leaves behind tiny open holes which heal naturally. The recipient site where the grafts will be inserted is marked according to density, pattern and angling of the wound beforehand so that the hair pattern looks natural. The grafts are inserted using needles and sharp tiny blades. It takes about seven days to heal. This procedure is long and tiring.
The advantage of FUE surgery is that it gives very natural result, there is no need to harvest large area of tissues from the scalp so there are no scars and it heals quickly with minimal pain and discomfort. The disadvantage is that it is time consuming and it is costlier.
POST OPERATIVE CARE -
Hair is very sensitive when they are initially transplanted so do not pull them as they may come off and it can cause bleeding.
When new hair grows cyst might appear, but avoid squeezing them as hair follicles might be damaged permanently.
Direct sunlight must be avoided and also avoid doing strenuous exercise for few weeks after transplant.
Sleep with the head upward so you do not damage the transplanted area.
Wash the hair gently with warm water but do not scrub or dry it.
There will be shedding of hair for a few weeks due to trauma of transplantation called 'shock loss' which is temporary and the hair will grow back. Within nine months the hair growth will increase and they will grow naturally.