Liver transplantation is at its golden period in India due to the number of transplant on a steady increase. Due to technological developments, combined liver and kidney transplants being performed together their numbers are in increase too.
Fortis has already acquired a brand name for itself in terms of quality healthcare. Fortis has one of the largest and most comprehensive organ transplant programmes in India. The hospital provides excellent medical care and facilities for pre and post-transplant management.
The Group of Fortis Hospital Mohali Liver Transplant in India has set up a benchmark in performing the successful Liver Transplants surgeries with the success rate is 90-95%. The procedures are performed by the team of the country's most experienced, reputed, and patient friendly experts who have excellent records in terms of patient care and outcomes and hence it is considered to be the best liver transplant hospital in India.
The multidisciplinary team comprises of Surgeons, Transplant Hepatologists, Gastroenterologists, Anesthesia and critical care Intensivists, Interventional Radiologists and well trained technical and nursing staff. They also run evaluation centres for liver donors and patients at various Fortis hospitals.
At Liver & Digestive Diseases Institute, they provide comprehensive high-end care for a wide spectrum of liver disorders through a highly qualified, experienced team of Fortis Hospital Liver Specialists in India supported by state-of-the-art technology.
Apollo Hospitals has been a leader in the field of organ transplants and has been considered as one of the top 10 liver transplant hospitals in India. The clinical team at the Transplant Institutes of Apollo Hospitals consists of renowned specialists having a wide array of experience and superb expertise in performing complex transplant procedures with excellent survival rates.
Liver Transplant in Apollo Hospital India virtually offers a gift of new life to the patients who may otherwise have slim chances of survival. Innovations are everyday occurrences for these surgeons who constantly raise the benchmark by performing a variety of pioneering and complex single and multi-organ transplants.
It is highly reputed for several multi-organ transplant procedures such as Liver transplant, Kidney transplant, Corneal Transplant, Heart transplant, Intestinal and GI transplant, Pancreatic transplant and Paediatric transplant. With over 90 percent success rates for multiple transplants in India, this organ transplant Centre is a pioneer when it comes to quality and provider of hope to patients from across the world.
The Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery & Liver Transplant Department that was established on June 1, 2013 is a latest addition to the PSG Hospitals. The motto of PSG hospitals is to provide scientific, ethical and quality healthcare to people.
With the most modern healthcare amenities, regular and successful implementation of highly sophisticated treatment techniques in every sphere of healthcare, especially in the area of Liver Transplant in India at PSG Hospital, this is a dynamic and growth oriented hospital
The Liver Transplant Surgeons in PSG Hospitals have international experience, and specializes in the entire gamut of surgeries pertaining to diseases of the liver, pancreas and the biliary tract. The intensive care units comprising of the liver transplant ICU and surgical ICU and operating suites are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment.
The operating suites and intensive care units (liver transplant ICU and surgical ICU) are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment. Recently, a very sick patient with Extra Hepatic Portal Venous Obstruction (EHPVO), or hypertension caused by blockage in the portal vein before the blood reaches the liver and gangrene of the small bowel, was effectively diagnosed, treated and cured. Advanced specialized procedures such as left lateral segmentectomy of liver are also performed by the department.
Till date the department has undertaken more than 20 successful liver transplant surgeries and also has initiated research activities.
Manipal Hospitals is one of the largest healthcare brands in India and is the well reputed liver transplant hospital in India. It is present in 7 Indian cities and has an international presence through two locations in Klang, Malaysia and Lagos, Nigeria. One of the leading liver hospital in India, it offers treatments and facilities across a wide range of specialties, including Cardiac Care, Renal Sciences, Cancer Care, Organ Transplants and many others.
Manipal Hospitals has been playing a very significant role in the overall healthcare sector for years now. It is today one of the largest and most trusted healthcare group in India and has a network more than 15 hospitals catering to not only several patients from India but is also favored by numerous international patients.
Liver Transplant at Manipal Hospital is performed by liver transplant specialists, surgeons and highly trained doctors in India. Manipal Hospital Bangalore Liver Transplant is renowned for offering the best packages.The Cost of Liver Transplant in this hospital is affordable with uncompromised quality of treatment and path-breaking care from the Manipal Hospital Liver Specialist in India to the patients.
Their team consists of experienced doctors who are experts in their areas of specialization, dedicated nurses and skilled paramedical professionals. Together, with our cutting-edge technology and high-quality infrastructure, we aim to provide a wide variety of preventive and curative solutions to your health problems.
Gleneagles Global Hospitals believes in a strong, dedicated yet ethical concept of healthcare. The Liver Transplant at Gleneagles Global Hospitals consist ofbest liver transplant surgeon in India offering excellent care.
Under able guidance of the Liver Transplant Surgeons, an outstanding team of Liver Specialists, which includes Hepatologist, Transplant Surgeons, Transplant Anesthesiologists, Transplant Nurses, Physiotherapist and Transplant Coordinators, the Institute of Liver Transplant in Chennai Gleneagles Global Health City Chennai, Tamil Nadu has attained brilliance in liver care and liver transplantation.
The centre has a devoted division for liver and pancreatic care. Well-known for being one of the world’s most comprehensive, multidisciplinary disease-management centre, the liver transplant centre at Gleneagles Global Hospitals’ specializes in treatment for diseases of the liver and pancreas.
Being the pioneer of liver transplant in India, the hospital offers the most affordable liver transplant cost in Chennai. Employing the best liver transplant doctors in Chennai, this hospital delivers the best liver failure treatment, liver transplant surgery and post-transplant care. The quality of the liver transplant surgery is evidenced by the number of top liver transplant specialists of Chennai that work at our peerless institution and hence declared as top liver transplant hospitals in India.
Medanta is built with a primary focus on delivering state-of-the-art, most progressive yet cost effective healthcare to people all around the world. No doubt that it has evolved a lot over the years, but the values still remain the same. This is one of the most advanced medical institutions totally committed to bring the best outcomes in every endeavor.
Liver Transplant in Medanta Hospital is performed by the highly qualified team of liver specialists using the latest technology that ensures best possible care for a wide spectrum of liver diseases. Living Donor Liver Transplant program is the leading in India and second largest in the world with a team of Medanta Liver Specialists in India who are enormously qualified and talented with a rich experience of more than 2,500 Liver Transplants, having brought up the programme from its commencement.
The program has achieved the highest success rates (95%) and lowest infection rates (< 10%) in Liver Transplant in India. The Institute is also a high-volume referral centre for all types of liver tumors, bile duct cancer, cysts and blocks and all complex non-transplant liver and biliary surgery and people have full faith in this hospital which makes this hospital to be one of the best liver transplant hospital in India. The Institute is committed to a scientific, compassionate and patient-friendly approach.
Wockhardt Hospitals has become one of the leading centers of excellence, with a strong presence in major cities like Mumbai, Nagpur, Surat, Nasik and Rajkot and is also the well-established liver transplant hospital in India. This leading group of hospitals has all the latest healthcare equipment and treatment techniques, along with highly adept doctors and surgeons having the highest degree of clinical excellence.
The Liver Transplant at Wockhardt Hospitals is performed by Liver Transplant Specialists and have the experience and expertise to accurately diagnose and offer world-class treatments for all forms of liver disease, including fatty liver, viral hepatitis, autoimmune liver diseases, alcoholic liver disease, genetic liver diseases and liver cancer.
They are well equipped to perform liver transplant and it is an essential component of a broad medical and surgical strategy to manage all patients with liver disease with the therapy most appropriate to that patient. The Liver Transplant departments at Wockhardt Hospitals, is fully equipped with modern and State-of-The-Art technology, intensive care unit services and modular and integrated operation theatre that match international health and safety norms.
They have dedicated team assured only by a multidisciplinary approach and quality of care,which distinguishes us from others and take proud in taking care of their patients holistically, their team includes Liver transplant Surgeons, Physicians, intensivist, Nutritionist, Physiotherapist.
KIMS Hospitals offers a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approach to the treatment of irreversible liver disease, which has fostered excellent results in patient survival and quality of life. Their team includes specialists from transplantation surgery, transplantation anesthesia, transplant pharmacy, hepatology, gastroenterology, cardiology, pulmonary medicine, nephrology, psychiatry, immunology, infectious diseases, hematology/oncology, pathology, specialized nursing, transplant coordination, nutrition and organ procurement and is constantly supported by dedicated operation theatres, ICUs and other high-tech infrastructure and equipment’s necessary for such complex procedures.
Liver Transplant at Krishna Institute Medical Science Hospital (KIMS) includes specialists from transplantation surgery, transplant pharmacy, transplantation anesthesia, hepatology, cardiology, gastroenterology, nephrology, pulmonary medicine, immunology, psychiatry, hematology/oncology, infectious diseases, transplant coordination, specialized nursing, pathology, and nutrition and organ procurement. This hospital is considered to be the top liver hospital in India.
Their expert gastroenterologists and hepatologists treat diseases of the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, biliary system, liver, colon and rectum including complex conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett's esophagus, cancer of the esophagus, pancreas and colon, and inflammatory bowel disease, viral hepatitis, fatty liver, alcoholic liver disease, cholestatic liver diseases, inherited liver diseases and liver cancer. In addition, they work closely with other departments.
The Department of Liver Transplantation has world class Liver Specialist Doctors in BLK Hospital, Delhi who are trained in institutes located around the globe and facilitates the appropriate diagnosis of various ailments for best and quickest road to recovery and is the best liver transplant hospital in India.
Further, a highly competent nursing and technical support team makes sure that the patients are attended with optimum and uncompromising care. The team has been involved in more than 700 Liver Transplant surgeries and has established a successful transplant program which caters to both adult and Paediatric patients with End Stage Liver Disease, with results matching global standards.
The hospital has all state of the art facilities capable of working 24x7. The Transplant team has the distinction of being one the most experienced in the region. The department deals with the entire spectrum of diseases of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas requiring surgical treatment and is one of the few centers in the country where living donor liver transplantation is being carried out regularly. Technically complex and challenging surgeries for diseases such as cancer gallbladder, hepatocellular carcinoma and pancreatic cancer are routinely performed.
The team members have been trained at the best centers in the world and have vast experience in managing patients with liver disease and performing liver transplant treatment in India. A competent nursing and technical support team ensures optimum and uncompromising patient care. The department has advanced critical care unit with 16 dedicated ICU beds. A typical Liver Transplant ICU unit has separate cubicles with laminar flow. The post-transplant patients being on immunosuppressive medications are immensely helped in their recovery following surgery by this unique design. The team is also backed up by an enthusiastic and hardworking team of Physiotherapists and Dieticians.
Continental Hospital is a NABH and JCI-accredited facility in Hyderabad offering multi-specialty tertiary and quaternary care services. The hospital has a capacity of 750 beds with 250 operational beds currently. The hospital has Green OT, Level 3 NICU and PICU, and it’s known for efficient critical care team.
The Continental Institute of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases offers a brilliant model based on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of medical condition related to organs like the stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, bile ducts, liver and pancreas.The Programme for Liver Transplant in India at Continental Hospital, Hyderabad covers both cadaveric and live donor transplant. It features the Best Liver Specialist Doctors who have successfully carried out liver transplants in adult and Paediatric cases.
With emphasis on timely access and premier quality of treatment, the Continental Institute of Gastroenterology is made up of some of the best gastroenterologists in India. From treating a broad range of disorders to creating a unique plan of treatment for each patient, our doctors go an extra mile to provide comfort and relief for their patients. Having gone under rigorous training under internationally renowned medical leaders, gastroenterology specialists at Continental Hospitals have the intuitive skill and perfection that is required for every challenging case that comes their way.
Complex procedures carried out through minimally invasive techniques like ERCP, EMR, EUS enable doctors to identify, locate and remove biliary duct stones and tumors of the gastrointestinal tract with ease. The ability to integrate training, expertise and vast knowledge into creating a personalized plan of care has made their team of Gastroenterologists one of the primary choices of caregivers among patients worldwide.
The Centre for Transplant at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is a just the right and a one-stop destination for a comprehensive range of treatment. Therefore, patients from many corners of the globe plan to get their Liver Transplant in India. Further, this transplant center is completely equipped and committed to provide the most sophisticated and medically proven, effective treatments not only for adults but also for children for whom transplant is the best possible option or may be the only option.
In this hospital, a multidisciplinary approach is followed to provide supreme patient care that comes along with highly qualified, talented and enormously experienced team of specialists as well as more than sufficient availability of associated resources related to transplant.
The centre is a complete unit consisting of expert doctors specially trained to provide comprehensive care to all patients across the entire spectrum of liver disorders involving dedicated and full time specialist Transplant Surgeons, Hepatologists, Anesthetists, Intensivists, Radiologists, Hematologists, Blood Bank Specialists, Transplant Coordinators, and trained OT and ICU Nurses supported by dedicated operation theatres, ICUs and other high-tech infrastructure and equipment’s necessary for such complex procedures.
The Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani hospital is one of the most trusted hospital among people and patient tries to get treatment from this hospital as it is being the top liver transplant hospital in India and also the services provided by the hospital as well the treatment provided by the surgeons are the world class.
Jaslok Hospital is recognized as a multi-disciplinary management Centre with integrated specialties for liver and is one of the best liver transplant hospital in India. They are committed to the time, effort, and resources required making your transplant a success. With highly progressive medical infrastructure, vastly experienced and knowledgeable Liver Specialists in Jaslok Hospital and superlative after care, the Hospitals offers the finest level and comprehensive transplant cure in India.
The clinical team who are working behind the success of this Centre understands that transplant is a lifelong commitment for the patients and their families and that is why the Liver Specialist Doctors in Jaslok Hospitalare all the more cautious about choosing the best possible options for the patients
Ideally located in the heart of Chennai City Kauvery Hospital is easily accessible to the residents those from across the borders (domestic and International) seeking a cure for their ailments. This hospital has established an exclusive Liver transplant center to extend specialized services to our patients.
The Liver Transplant at Kauvery Hospital meets and goes beyond the expectations of many who have walked in through the doors seeking our hallmark of excellence in medical care and that is the reason why it is considered to be the one of the trusted liver transplant hospital in India. This hospital has a totally competent and extremely established Institute of Liver Diseases, Transplantation and Hepatobiliary Surgery to extend specialized services to our patients. Their in-house facilities and expertise comprises of:
The Centre for Liver and Biliary Sciences (CLBS) at Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi is one of the largest liver transplant centers in the world. This group of hospitals is one of the foremost team that established liver transplantation in South Asia.
The Centre for Liver and Biliary Sciences in India at MAX Hospital is one the busiest and a very popular destination for liver transplantation in India. Many patients from overseas chose to come here for their treatment as the outcomes has been phenomenally successful. This has been possible because the Centre has experienced doctors and the entire team has established in liver transplantation in India way back in 2001.
A team of 200 members with 20 years of experience have done 2600 plus transplants and this team is now based in Max Centre for Liver and Biliary Sciences at Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket. Max hospital ensures that the patient receives the intense care during and after the surgery. Currently, the success rate of Liver transplant is over 95% and ten-year survival is over 80%.
With a team of 200 members, 20 years of experience, 2000+ transplants, Max Centre for Liver and Biliary Sciences at Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket is the new destination for Living Related Liver Transplants. Their team ensures that their patients receive the highest standard of patient safety during and post-surgery by providing round the clock care and best in class post-surgery follow-up and this hospital is one of the top 10 liver transplant hospitals in India.
Each specialty centres has 24*7 emergency services, a blood bank, pharmacy, ATM, and all the important amenities essential for proper care and wellbeing. The exceptional success rate across the 14 liver hospital in India makes this hospital India's leading health care service provider with world class facilities and services.
Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital is a state-of-the-art Multi Superspeciality Hospital with World Class Medical Infrastructure and an expert team of highly skilled doctors providing Comprehensive Medical Care in various super specialties such as Cardiac Sciences, Oncology, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Emergency Medicine and Critical Care, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Nephrology, Urology and Renal Transplantation, Orthopedics and Joint Replacement etc.
This hospital is a unit of Dharamshila Cancer Foundation and Research Centre. It is home to excellent healthcare amenities associated with very complex kind of diseases related to Oncology, Urology Neurology, Orthopedics, etc. A state-of-the-art hospital with the most progressive range of treatment facilities available to cater to patients from corners of the world, this hospital has been serving for numerous patients for more than two decades. The clinical specialists working here are highly talented and provide the best possible care.
This hospital is a state-of-the-art Multi Superspeciality Hospital with World Class Medical Infrastructure and an expert team of highly skilled doctors providing Comprehensive Medical Care in various super specialties such as Cardiac Sciences, Oncology, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Emergency Medicine and Critical Care, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Nephrology, Urology and Renal Transplantation, Orthopedics and Joint Replacement etc. and is the best liver transplant hospital in India. With a long legacy of trust, more than two decades of experience and innovative treatment approaches has made the hospital a leading and preferred destination for medical treatment
Finally, we can conclude from the statistics that the people who are operated for a liver transplant have 89% survival rate after one year and five-year survival rate is 75%. Sometimes, the transplanted liver can fail, or the original disease may reappear.
As liver transplant cost is the major reason why the needy is not being able to undergo liver transplant surgery in India, the same scenario is for the patient outside India but for the patient from developed countries treatment in India is affordable for them. To know more about liver transplant cost in India click here
Liver transplantation is currently in its golden period in India. The number of transplants being performed and the steady increase in the new programs that have emerged over the last decade is a testimony to it. To date, the majority of transplants performed in India are live donor liver transplants. Deceased donation is more sporadic and concentrated in a couple of regions. With phenomenal increase in transplant activity in India, there is huge potential for streamlining data sharing among programs in India and with the rest of the world to ultimately benefit the transplant community.
Innovations are an integral part of growth and LDLT in India has followed the norm. Organ shortage is a universal problem in transplantation and ways to tackle it has always been an area for innovation. The large number of transplants in India allow for the possibility of paired exchange either for size mismatch or for blood group incompatibility.
Another advantage is the technical advancements like technique of arterial anastomosis in auxiliary LDLT, use of recanalised umbilical vein graft for anterior segment reconstruction, middle vein clamp technique to determine need for anterior segment reconstructions have been widely used and documented from programs in India. These innovations establish the maturity and technical expertise achieved in LDLT in India. Pediatric transplant definitely calls for more surgical and intensive care expertise and the number of pediatric transplants done in India in 2017 was around 65 with our program contributing to 42 pediatric transplants. At this rate, India is soon expected to be one of the largest pediatric transplant centers in the world.
Liver transplantation as an established form of treatment for end‐stage liver disease has gained acceptance in India over the last 10 years. Liver transplantation in India has unique features that have contributed to the growth of both deceased donor and living donor transplantations.
India has now become a major center for LT for international patients because of the high quality-low cost value proposition. Children from over 20 countries have now received a LT in India (personal communication). Withincreasing number of children crossing the 5 and 7-year post LT landmarks, 10- year survival data from India is now awaited and will become available in the next couple of years.
Liver transplant may be necessary for patients who suffer from:
Liver transplants usually take from six to 12 hours. During the operation, surgeons will remove your liver and replace it with the donor liver.
Because a transplant operation is a major procedure, surgeons will need to place several tubes in your body. These tubes will help your body carry out certain functions during the operation and for a few days afterward.
There are two types of liver transplant options:
Liver has the capacity to regenerate if a part of normal healthy liver is removed. Hence we can divide part of liver from a live donor and implant it into another patient. In a live donor liver transplant, a portion of the liver is surgically removed from a live donor and transplanted into a recipient immediately after the recipient’s liver has been entirely removed.
Donor safety is the first objective of whole process. Utmost care is taken while selecting and operating live donors. The risk of serious morbidities following a living donor liver resection is 10%. The risk of death in the donor is 0.02to 0.5%. Live donor liver transplantation is possible because the liver (unlike any other organ in the body) has the ability to grow back to its original size. The regeneration of liver following surgery is complete by 4 to 8 weeks.
In deceased donor liver transplants, the donor may be a victim of an accident or head injury. The donor's heart is still beating, but the brain has stopped functioning. Such a person is considered legally dead, because his or her brain has permanently and irreversibly stopped working. At this point, the donor is usually in an intensive-care unit and life support is withdrawn in the operating room during the transplant.The identity of a deceased donor and circumstances surrounding the person's death are kept confidential.
Let’s understand the difference between these two types from the diagram below:
Do you know how many patient has actually undergone these transplant from the past few years?? NO?? Then let’s have a look at the chart.
From the graph it is quite visible that the patients waiting list keep on increasing with each passing year and people getting the transplant keep on getting high. The deceased donor rate is higher than the living donor as it is difficult to get the living donor.
India attracts the very high amount of foreign patient for liver transplant the reason being effective cost and quality treatment they get in India, But the most important thing you being a foreign patient should understand is that you cannot have donor from India you have to come to India with your donor. Liver transplant is an expensive process but still, if you will find liver transplant cost in India is affordable compared with other developed countries.
This all procedures are required to be completed before starting the procedure for taking permission to do liver transplant in India.
People who have liver disease may have many of the following problems:
When a person’s liver is severely damaged and cannot function properly or complications may develop and liver transplantation should be considered. Conditions like hepatic coma, massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and liver cancer is best treated by complete removal of the liver (cirrhotic liver). In general, when a patient needs a new liver, the earlier the operation, the higher the success rate is.
The most important criteria isthat the donation of portion of the liver is done voluntarily. The donor has to be less than 50 years of age, body mass index of less than 25 and is a near relative of the recipient. Both the donor and the patient should have the same blood group. Besides, the potential donor should understand clearly that
Patients who have cancer in another part of the body, active alcohol or illegal drug abuse, active or severe infection in any part of the body, serious heart, lung or neurological conditions or those who are unable to follow doctors’ instructions are excluded generally.
This is the most common form of living donation. Individuals can donate a portion of their liver which is then implanted into the recipient. The liver cells regenerate after the donation until it has regrown to almost its original size in both the donor and recipient.
There is pain after liver transplant surgery, however it is generally not as severe as with other abdominal surgeries. This is because nerves are severed during the initial abdominal incision causing numbness of the skin around the abdomen. These nerves regenerate over the following six months and sensation returns.
Your doctor will take out your diseased liver when you get a donor liver. Your belly and side will be sore for the first 1 to 2 weeks after surgery. You also may have some numbness around the cut (incision) the doctor made. It is common to feel tired while you are healing.
Living liver donors and their recipient do not have to be related. Any healthy person can give the gift of life
The recipient's insurance pays for all live liver donor medical expenses related to donation. Travel costs and time away from work are often not covered by insurance and need to be considered. Costs to the donor include:
It is common for people to ask if it is safe to donate part of their liver. While the results of adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation throughout the world are very good, the procedure is not without risk to the donor. Potential risks of this surgery include, but are not limited to, the list below.
ntly there are more people who need a new liver than there are donors. Therefore, most people will be placed on a transplant waiting list. While if someone is on the waiting list, the transplant team will regularly monitor their liver’s health and provide other treatments if needed, such as surgery, embolization, or ablation.
During transplant surgery, the transplant team replaces the diseased liver with a donated, healthy liver. The blood type and body size of the donor have to match the person receiving the transplant. Liver transplant surgery usually takes between 4 and 12 hours. Most patients stay in the hospital for up to 3 weeks after surgery.
After the transplant surgery, a patient may need to stay in the hospital for several weeks while their health care team monitors how well body is accepting the new liver. Patient will take medicines to control any pain or will start taking immunosuppressive drugs to prevent body's immune system from rejecting the new liver.
Patient will need the most medicines during the first 3 months after transplantation. After a liver transplant, patient will undergo regular blood tests and occasional liver biopsies to make sure body is not rejecting the new liver. In addition, these tests will show whether the liver cancer is in remission or returning.
The age limit is individualized as it varies with a patient's overall health condition. However, it is rare to offer liver transplant to someone greater than 70 years old.
The most important factors in choosing a liver transplant center for a person are the team’s experience and expertise. You should be looking for a program that performs a high volume of transplants each year, with experience in complex pediatric liver transplant surgeries.
The liver transplant procedure generally takes between four and tweleve hours. The patient will come to the hospital, often the night before, then goes down to the operating room, often for about two hours of anesthesia before the surgery even begins.
There are different ways in which the liver disease stages occur depending upon the specific liver disease involved. Basically, there are four different condition that affects the liver’s health and affect the liver’s functions:
Stage 1 : Inflammation of the liver Fibrosis of the liver : In this initial stage, pain in the stomach can be witnessed as the body tries to fight the infection. If not treated at the earliest, it can worsen the liver condition. In some cases of liver disease, the symptoms and inflammation treatable for preventing from progressing to the second stage.
The most common reasons can be alcohol and chemical abuses.
Stage 2 : Fibrosis of the liver : In this stage, the damage or scarring from the first stage begins to hamper the blood flow of the liver. This usually happens when the liver is inflamed for a long period of time. In this stage, the liver does not function properly but through treatment it might be able to heal not allowing any further progression in the disease.
Stage 3 : Cirrhosis of the liver : In this stage it creates permanent scarring that block the blood flow. This is a dangerous stage that causes other serious conditions and symptoms that leads to worsening of the disease. At this stage, doctors focus their treatment on managing the symptoms.
Stage 4 : Liver failure and advanced liver diseases : This is the final stage of the disease, in which the liver fails to perform the normal functions and now the patient needs urgent medical treatment to prevent death. Symptoms of liver failure can be vomiting, fatigue and diarrhea as well as symptoms from stage 3.
The progression from cirrhosis to complete liver failure might take years and the damage caused is irreversible ad eventually leads to death.