What is FUE hair transplant?
You must first know what hair transplant is, to understand FUE!
Hair transplant is nothing but a process of removing hair from one part of the body which is called the donor site to a balding part of the body which is called the recipient site.
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) is the hair transplant technique where 1 or group of hair follicles i.e. follicular unit (can contain up to 4 hairs) is removed using a microneedle or a punch of diameter less than 1 mm, one by one.
It is extracted from the area where the hair growth is the strongest.
Then these follicular units or grafts are transplanted into balding region of the scalp.
It is one of the most popular and time-consuming technique of hair transplant.
History of Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE):
So, who invented FUE hair transplant?
Way back in 1988, Masumi Inaba from Japan, first described the FUE hair transplant wherein he showed the technique using 1 mm needle for extracting follicular units.
However, Dr. Woods from Australia was the first physician to demonstrate this technique in 1989.
FUE came into existence as an effort to address scarring in the donor area which was the major drawback of FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) procedure.
In Follicular Unit Extraction, individual grafts are extracted using a small micro punch, so a linear strip scar was avoided.
Due to this, the risk of long-term nerve damage, leading to chronic numbness and pain in the donor area, is significantly reduced with FUE as compared to FUT procedure.
Further, FUE provides an alternative to FUT when the scalp is too tight for a strip excision.
This also enables a hair transplant surgeon to harvest finer hair from the nape to be used at the hairline or for eyebrows.
Initially, FUE faced resistance due to a new set of surgical skills and lack of equipment to extract whole follicular units. However, with advancement in medical science they were soon able to develop the optimal instrument for FUE.
As a result, patients who have undergone both methods prefer FUE transplantation because it causes much less trauma and avoids scarring.
Let’s discuss why you should choose FUE hair transplant?
What are the Eligibility criteria for FUE hair transplant?
Let's see who is an ideal candidate for FUE hair transplant!
You might be wondering what is the procedure of FUE hair transplant?
Well, the number and type of graft you get depends on your hair type, quality, color, and the size of the area where you’re getting the transplant.
In general, the number of grafts for FUE hair transplant in one sitting of approximately 6-8 hours is 2500-3000.
If you have a higher level of baldness, then you might need another session. However, the doctor will decide how many grafts will be transplanted on each day.
Pre-conditions and Post-conditions of FUE hair transplant:
|Pre – conditions||Post – conditions|
|Reasons for baldness according to which it will be determined whether to perform FUE hair transplant or not.||On the night of the surgery and for next few nights, sleep with the head elevated and place a cloth under your head if the donor area oozes.|
|Alternatives to hair transplant surgery.||After surgery, it is required to follow the prescription of medicines as specified by your surgeon.|
|Cost of FUE hair transplant||Cover your scalp with clothing when going out in direct sunlight for at least 2 to 3 weeks or as directed by the surgeon.|
|The aptitude and experience of your hair transplant surgeon.||Details about how to shampoo and what to apply on your hair will be suggested by your surgeon. Approximately for 2 to 3 weeks you must follow the process|
|As directed by your hair transplant surgeon, you might have to stop taking medications 1 week prior to your surgery because it can increase bleeding during the surgery.||Few months of follow-up, if specified by the surgeon, to monitor hair growth|
|Avoid smoking for at least 1 week||Strenuous exercises should be avoided for a month and eating food that is hard to chew should also be avoided for a week.|
|Avoid alcohol for at least 3 days prior to your surgery.||Abstain from alcohol (3 days at least) and smoking (2 weeks at least) for the duration specified by your surgeon.|
|Wash your hair and eat breakfast but avoid coffee or any caffeinated drinks/beverages on the day of your procedure||You must avoid contact with your new hair after your surgery.|
|Know about complexities, dangers and success rate of the surgery.||Finally! take care of your natural hair along with transplanted hair.|
What is the recovery time of FUE hair transplant?
Right after surgery, many people prefer a rest period and that’s the right way to go about it.
After surgery, time to recover is 1-6 days.
Usually, there is no pain after the surgery.
Smoking decreases blood flow to the scalp by hardening and constricting blood vessels which in turn lessens the oxygen delivered to the newly transplanted hair follicles hence affecting the hair growth rate.
Note:If any side effect occurs other than these, please reach out to your surgeon!
1. NeoGraft FUE:
Extraction using NeoGraft tool
2. Robotic FUE:
4. Unshaven/ Undetectable FUE
5. Long hair FUE
6. Trivellini System
Sapphire FUE blades
8. Ice Grafts
The case study shows common types of patients which are encountered by every hair transplant surgeon. It aims to provide a general idea about FUE hair transplant. It demonstrates the experience of any patient, during and after FUE surgery.
The patient is suffering from the Norwood Class Type III pattern of baldness. The donor area is large enough to provide the required number of grafts to be implanted. There is a requirement of at least 1500 grafts to have the desired hairline. The goal is to cover the frontal zone with the desired amount of density and to give a natural framing of the face.
The technique used for hair transplant is FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction). The grafts extracted are between 1500-2000 grafts from the donor area using a punch which is less than 1 mm and forceps. The harvested grafts are stored in the solution containing elements that keep grafts alive and then they are implanted in the recipient area. The whole procedure is completed in one session of 6-8 hours.
The patient is sent home with medications to take and post-procedure instructions to follow for a few days. The patient is advised with sleeping position, how to shower the hair and other precautions to be taken care of.
The photo shows the before and after images of the patient. The bald area is covered successfully which gives the patient a natural look.
FUE Hair Transplant (Before/After)
The photos show how the patients scalp goes from one hair growth stage to another.
On the day, grafts appear pale
Day 2 – 3: Scab formation Begins
Day 10 – 11: Scabs come off
Day 15 – 30: The hair which was implanted on the donor area falls off keeping the graft intact.
Month 2 – 3: After shedding of transplanted hair, the donor area looks bald.
Month 4 – 10: The hair on the donor area starts to grow like a natural hair.
Unlike FUT hair transplant technique, FUE method leaves no linear scar. Scars which appear are tiny and circular in nature.
The person can recover from FUE surgery in 1-6 days. After surgery, the donor area develops scars which when healed, is not visible. These FUE scars are small white dots from where the transplanted hairs are extracted (donor area). These scars heal in 7-10 days.
Few things you should keep in mind before FUE procedure includes whether you are eligible for Follicular Unit Extraction as the hair transplant technique, general procedure, cost, experience of your hair transplant surgeon and the precautions one should take before and after the surgery.
If the person is eligible for FUE hair transplant, then it is worthy. FUE hair transplant leaves no linear scar, provides fast recovery, use of local anaesthesia, minimum to no pain after surgery and gives natural hair restoration.
Yes. Nowadays, there are clinics that provide modern techniques like Unshaven/Direct FUE which make women with Female Pattern Hair Loss (FPHL), the right candidates for this procedure. This technique of hair transplant does not require them to shave their hair in the donor and the recipient area.
The ideal age to have FUE hair transplant is above 25 years as the hairline, pattern of baldness is not stable before that age. One should be prepared with the end results after the procedure because it may take more than one session to get better results. Hair growth after transplant takes time so one should be patient with the results.
Provide Your Detailsand our staff will get in touch with you