PRP And Stem Cell Therapy: What Are They And How Are They Different?
Two of these therapies that have gained popularity over the past few years are Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy and Stem Cell Therapy. Since you’re reading this article, you have obviously heard of them. Confused about the difference between them, though? You won’t be a few minutes later. We have broken down exactly what these therapies are and the differences between them.
It is an exciting time to be alive. We read of new medical breakthroughs almost every day. Today, we can live longer and experience a good quality of life.
We don’t need to live with painful conditions anymore, which was unheard of even two decades ago. One of the biggest medical advances over the past decade has been the rise of ‘Regenerative Medicine.’
Regenerative Medicine utilizes our body’s components to treat various degenerative diseases.
Two of these therapies that have gained popularity over the past few years are Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy and Stem Cell Therapy.
Are you wondering what they are or are just curious to learn more about them?
Do not worry! We have discussed everything you need to know about Stem cell Therapy and PRP below.
Just scroll down!
First, let’s discuss,
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cells have the capability to differentiate into any tissue of the body. They have three main properties that benefit the healing process:
- They kickstart the release of growth factors in the body.
- These growth factors stimulate the regeneration of the injured or damaged part of the body.
- The new cells formed are exact copies of the damaged cells, which are eventually replaced.
Stem cells are usually retrieved from the patient themselves. In a few cases where this is not possible, donor stem cells may be used.
Stem cells can now be derived from multiple areas of the body. The most used stem cells are extracted from the bone marrow and adipose-rich tissue. In a few rare conditions, fetal stem cells are also used.
Are you wondering which Conditions Can be Treated with Stem Cell Therapy?
Well, stem cell therapy can be used to treat several conditions. The main purpose of this treatment is to replace damaged tissue. Some of the known conditions are:
- Hair loss
- Meniscus Injury
- Neurological conditions like epilepsy and strokes
- Heart conditions like myocardial infarction
- Autoimmune disorders
Are you diagnosed with any of the above conditions?
Then Stem Cell Therapy is the best answer!
Stem Cell Therapy Process
Stem cell therapy is a comparatively simple procedure to perform and is divided into the following steps:
- The first step is to extract the stem cells. The most common sites for this procedure are the hip bone or abdominal fatty tissue. Local anesthesia may be required to keep the patient comfortable.
- In the next phase, the extracted bone marrow or adipose tissue is transported to the stem cell laboratory to purify the stem cells. This is done by a process called the density gradient technique.
- The most common method for delivery of these stem cells is by intravenous infusion. To treat hair loss, they are injected directly into the scalp.
Like most people, are you also afraid of treatments just because of their side-effects?
Then you would be glad to know that stem cell therapy is a safe procedure with minimal or no side-effects.
Yes, you read that right!
Clinical trials for stem cell research for various conditions have been underway for over a decade. So far, no long-term side effects have been recorded.
It is a non-invasive procedure, and the recovery period of this procedure is quite short. It is noteworthy to know that stem cell therapy is yet to be approved by the FDA. However, all clinical trials are well-documented.
When it comes to any treatment, one common question asked by those planning to undergo the treatment is “ What is the cost of the treatment?”
So, if you are planning to undergo stem cell therapy, you surely might be eager to learn about its cost, right?
So, let’s know,
Cost of Stem Cell Therapy
The cost of stem cell therapy ranges from 4.5 lakhs to 12 lakhs INR. Each cycle costs around 1.5 lakh INR. The number of cycles required will depend on the severity of the condition being treated.
Now, let’s talk about another effective treatment know as Platelet-rich-plasma or PRP.
Platelet-rich plasma is made up of two components: plasma and platelets. Plasma is the liquid part of the blood which houses all the blood cells. One lesser-known fact about platelets is that it is rich in growth factors.
These growth factors are capable of activating cell reproduction. This helps stimulate tissue regeneration or healing in the treated area. PRP is blood that contains a higher concentration of plasma.
What conditions can PRP Injections Treat?
PRP Injections have shown promising results in treating several conditions. Some of these include:
- Hair loss: PRP can be directly injected into the scalp to promote hair growth and prevent hair loss. Several studies have shown that PRP has been effective in treating male-pattern baldness. It is also advised after hair transplants to improve hair growth.
- Tendon, Ligament, Muscle, and Joint Injuries: These injuries usually take a notoriously long time to heal. Adding PRP shots to your treatment regimen could accelerate this healing process. It could also aid in reducing pain and a faster return to normal activities.
- Osteoarthritis: A small study found that PRP injections showed better results than hyaluronic acid injections, which are traditionally administered in such cases. Research shows that PRP injections reduce joint stiffness and inflammation.
- Post-Surgical Healing: PRP injections are often given to decrease the recovery period after muscle or tendon surgeries.
- Acute Injuries: Doctors have successfully used PRP injections in acute sports injuries like a pulled hamstring or a knee sprain.
- Skin Rejuvenation: PRP injections have sporadically been used as an anti-aging treatment. However, there are no studies that prove its effectiveness.
Are you diagnosed with any of the above conditions?
Then PRP is one of the most effective solutions to go for!
But it is important to note that the results of PRP injections are not visible immediately. They usually become appear several weeks after the injections. Also, PRP is not advised for those suffering from AIDS, Hepatitis C, HIV etc.
PRP Injection Process
PRP is collected from the patient’s own blood. It is a fairly simple process that doesn’t take much time.
- Depending on the amount of PRP required, one to a few tubes of blood are collected from the patient.
- This blood is then run through a centrifuge to separate the platelets from other blood components. This process takes about fifteen minutes.
- This separated plasma is then prepared for injection.
- The PRP is injected directly into the affected site. Imaging systems like ultrasound might be used to guide the injection to the precise spot in case of treating musculoskeletal injuries.
After reading about the procedure, you surely might have the next question as Do PRP Injections Have Any Side Effects?
You would be glad to know that injecting PRP is a pretty safe procedure. Since the blood is sourced from the patient themselves, the risk of allergic reactions or rejection is almost zero. However, a few rare side effects can include:
- Tissue damage
- Nerve injuries
Recovery time after this procedure is very less. Resting the injured area is usually advised. However, this is less because of the procedure and more to avoid aggravating the injury.
Cost of PRP Injections
Are you one of those people who are price-sensitive and always looking for affordable options?
Then there is no reason to say no to PRP treatment!
Depending on the procedure it is used for, PRP injections can cost 3000 to 10,000 INR per session.
Isn’t that quite affordable!
Is PRP and Stem Cell Therapy the Same Thing?
This is a question that most people have!
Are you also one of them?
Then do not hit the back button as your answer is on this page! In fact, just below!
While both these treatments are types of regenerative medicine, and follow similar principles, they are not the same. PRP injections are used to treat less severe conditions. It is also indicated in acute injuries. Stem cell therapy has shown some success in treating even severe conditions.
PRP is made from our blood, whereas stem cells need to be extracted from the bone marrow or adipose tissue. This makes stem cell therapy a little more invasive and expensive.
It is also important to note that the number of stem cells in our bone marrow is limited. In comparison, you can have an unlimited supply of PRP, as it is extracted from our blood.
Difference Between PRP and Stem Cell Therapy
While the concept of both treatments is the same, there are several differences between them. Let’s take a look at them.
PRP And Stem Cell Therapy For Hair Loss
|STEM CELL THERAPY||PRP INJECTIONS|
|Stem cells are obtained from the adipose-rich tissue from the hip area.||PRP is obtained directly from the blood cells.|
|Stem cell therapy is a little more invasive in nature, as stem cells are extracted through liposuction.||PRP is completely non-invasive.|
|The procedure for stem cell therapy requires a hospital setting.||A clinical setting is enough for administering PRP injections.|
|The procedure is longer. It takes about four hours to prepare the stem cells from the adipose tissue.||The procedure time is shorter. Separation of PRP from the blood takes about fifteen minutes.|
Stem Cell and PRP Therapy for Orthopedic Conditions
PRP vs Stem Cell for Knee Cartilage
|STEM CELL THERAPY||PRP INJECTIONS|
|It is used in chronic cases.||It is preferred in acute cases.|
|Stem cell therapy is the procedure of choice in advanced cases.||PRP injections have shown better results in mild to moderate cases.|
|Stem cell therapy will require fewer cycles to show results.||PRP injections require multiple shots to get satisfactory results.|
|Stem cells are delivered to the affected area via intravenous infusion.||PRP is injected directly into the affected area.|
PRP and Stem Cell Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis
|PRP INJECTIONS||STEM CELL THERAPY|
|It only shows noticeable results in mild cases.||It has shown good results in advanced cases and is the preferred method of treatment.|
|Improved pain function has been observed for six months to one year.||Improved pain function has been observed for three to four years.|
Are you confused which treatment should you go for and wondering which is better—PRP or Stem Cell Therapy?
Do not worry! We are there to help you out!
One thing to keep in mind is both these treatments are still undergoing clinical trials. There is still a lot of new information waiting to be discovered.
But let us carefully weigh the information we already have at hand. There is no doubt that stem cell therapy is a much more advanced treatment when compared to PRP injections. PRP therapy infuses the injured area with growth factors.
Stem cell therapy does this as well. In addition, it also jumpstarts the body’s regeneration mechanism. As a result, it also offers a much longer pain-free period when compared to PRP therapy.
We can conclude that stem cell therapy is better suited for more advanced degenerative diseases. PRP therapy is a better treatment choice for acute injuries and conditions.
A third option that doctors offer these days is using both these therapies in conjunction. Clinical studies have shown an enhanced response when both these therapies are used together. Patients also report a much quicker recovery rate.
So, which treatment have you decided to go for?
Frequently Asked Questions
Question and Answers (150)
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Stem cell teeth availability in India is still under research
Phyto science stem cell is commercial product. We can't tell it's side effect as we work on biological stem cells we don't promote any commercial stem cell product.
Disclaimer: This is just for information purposes, we are not promoting stem cells or stem cell therapy.
We have good result in autism cases. Kindly share report and video of patient. Also try to schedule call.
Yes it is possible. We have good results in development delayed cases. Without seeing reports we can't disclose treatment cost. Kindly ask for reports and schedule call.
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