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If you are wondering what is test tube baby and IVF, whether both the terms are related, let us try to understand them in detail. Test tube baby is a term that refers to a child that is conceived outside the women’s body by a scientific process known as In-Vitro fertilization or IVF treatment. This entire process is done in a laboratory. In this process the eggs are taken from the mother’s ovary and fertilised by the sperms from the father.

The fertilised egg is cultured for 2–6 days and allowed to divided 2-4 times inside a test tube (hence the name test tube baby) These eggs are then returned back to the mother’s uterus where it can be developed normally, this is done with the intention to establish a successful pregnancy.

Test tube baby procedure has greatly helped women having infertility problems that are untreatable to give birth to healthy babies.

The first Test tube baby

The test tube baby procedure was made possible by scientist Robert Edwards and gynecologist Patrick Steptoe in 1978 when the first test tube baby, Louise Brown was born in England. In 2010, Robert G. Edwards was conferred the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for developing the IVF treatment.

Now, IVF treatment has given many couples who are suffering from fertility problems a hope of becoming a parent. Since the first test tube baby in 1978 to recent times there have been millions of children who are born with the help of IVF treatment. Now a days test tube baby process is widely followed through out the world,especially IVF in India is in great demand.

Having a baby is a boon, and the person help you to get this opportunity will be the most important person of your life for sure. So here we have listed few best doctors and IVF centres India, that will help you to get your child I your arms, when you plan test tube baby treatment in India.

Followings are the Best Test Tube Baby doctors in India

1. Dr. Jatin Shah


Dr. Jatin Shah is a well known name when you talk about best IVF doctor in India. He has completed MD in obstetrics and gynecologist; he is a specialist in Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). He has achieved first IVF & ICSI, the first oocyte and embryo donation pregnancies UP and Kerala state. He is a member of Asia Pacific Initiatives for Reproductive Endocrinology and he is having more than 11 years of experience in the field of Infertility treatments. He got the credit for several pregnancies in females at their late 50’s and the oldest he treats was 57 years old woman. He has achieved many awards and gold medals in his medical career for his brilliant job in infertility treatments or test tube baby.

As we have mentioned earlier he is one of the finest doctor for IVF treatments in Mumbai. With his expertise in test tube baby treatments he has produced great results and the success rate for IVF is 55%, IUI- 36% and for surrogacy it is 74% and the consultant fees of Dr. Saraogi is Rs. 600. Dr. Saraogi offers his services in the below mention hospital.

  • Ovulation Induction(OI)
  • IVF
  • Embryo Freezing
  • Egg freezing
  • Egg Freezing
  • OD-ED
  • Male Infertility
  • Surrogacy
  • IUI
  • ICSI

  • Mumbai Fertility Clinic & IVF Centre


    The centre was established in year 1994 and stand as one of the best IVF centre in Mumbai. Centre is provids infertility treatments more than 20 years with great results in success rates. IVF, ICSI, IUI, Frozen embryo and Frozen eggs, surrogacy and various test tube baby treatments. The center is fully fitted with the best technologies to serve their best in infertility. One among the finest gyneocologist of Mumbai Dr. Jatin Shah offers his services in this centre.
    Address: Motiwala Building, 1st Floor, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400026

    KEM hospital


    The hospital was established in 1926 and equipped with latest technologies and machines to serve their best to patients. the hospital is fitted with 1800 beds 390 physicians and 550 resident doctors. The centre has great team of doctors to serve infertility treatments in gynecology department. They offers quality test tube baby treatments to the patients as they have IVF, IUI, ICSI and frozen embryo facility in their centre. Dr, Jatin Shah is MD DGO in KEM Hospital.
    Address: Acharya Donde Marg, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400012

    2. Dr.Mohit Saraogi


    Dr Mohit Saraogi is stand as one of the best IVF doctor in Mumbai and also famous to provide budget IVF treatment in their centre. He has completed MD in obstetrics and gynaecology, FCPS in general surgery, DNB, MBBS, ICOG and DM in reproductive medicines. He is specialized in gynaecology, infertility treatments, clinical embryology and obstetrics. He has indexed 8 international journals and 5 national journals. He performed great in test tube baby treatment, With his more than 13 years of experience he has treated approx 18,000 patients in his medical career. Below we have mention infertility treatments offers by Dr. Mohit Saraogi

    As we have mentioned earlier he is one of the finest doctor for IVF treatments in Mumbai. With his expertise in test tube baby treatments he has produced great results and the success rate for IVF is 55%, IUI- 36% and for surrogacy it is 74% and the consultant fees of Dr. Saraogi is Rs. 600. Dr. Saraogi offers his services in the below mention hospital.

  • IVF(budget IVF)
  • Intrauterine Insemination
  • ICSI
  • IMSI
  • Frozen Embryo Transfer
  • Laser Assisted Hatching
  • ICSI using Freeze All
  • Surrogacy

  • Saraogi Hospital and IRIS IVF Centre


    The centre was founded in year 1990 by Dr. R.M. Saraogi. The hospital has dedicated department for IVF treatments known as IRIS IVF centre. The centre is specialized for endoscopic, obstetrics, gynecological and infertility treatments. the hospital has special budget IVF package for the needy patients. IUI, IVF, IMSI, Frozen Embryo, Laser Assisted Hatching and donor Sperm Insemination are the various infertility treatments provided by Saraogi Hospital and IRIS IVF centre.
    Address: : S V Road, Malad West, Opposite Malad Telephone Exchange, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400064

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    3. Dr. Firuza Parikh


    Dr. Firuza Parikh has completed MD and postdoctoral research in reproductive medicine for 4 years. With her 25 years of rich experience she offers services in gynecology, obstetric, general surgeries, infertility treatments, uterine prolapsed, ovarian and vaginal surgeries, exploratory laparotomy and many more. She has achieved first pregnancy by Laser Assisted Hatching, south east Asia’s first ICSI abbay and first cumulus Aided Transfer (CAT) and many more. Doctor Fiuza perform various infertility issues such as:

    The statics indicates that the success rate of the test tube baby treatment is depending on the age of the patient. And the success rate given by Dr. Firuza Parikh is 40% for IVF, 25% for IUI. With her rich experience in the field of gynecology she has treated more than 7000 infertile couples. She offers her services in Jaslok Hospital- Mumbai.

  • Poor sperm quality
  • Endometriosis factors
  • Azoospermia
  • Cervical factors
  • Ovulation problems
  • Blocked fallopian tube

  • Jaslok Hospital


    The hospital was founded in 1973 by erstwhile Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The hospital is fully equipped with advanced technologies and experienced doctors and staff. The hospital has dedicated department for infertility treatments. this is one of the reputed hospital of Mumbai. Though the hospital has specialized departments for cardiology, critical care, general surgery, cancer, ENT, gastroenterology etc.
    Address: Pedder Road, IT Colony, Tardeo, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400026

    4. Dr. Hrishikesh Pai


    Dr. Hrishikesh Pai is one of the leading IVF doctor of India. He has done MD, MSc from USA, FICOG and FCPS. He is having specialization in gynecology and obstetrics. Currently he is a secretary general of the federation of Obstetrics and gynecological societies of India (FOGSI). He has 27 years of experience and achieved several gold medals and awards in his medical career and also contributed in various publications. Services offered by the doctors are as given below:

    The success rate for the IVF treatment is more than 50% and for IUI he produce approx 30% . Dr. Pai is one of the reputed test tube baby doctors in India and still he charge very less consultant fees that is Rs.1500.Dr. Hrishekesh Pai is providing his services in the centres given below:

  • IVF
  • ICSI
  • IMSI
  • Egg Donation
  • Embryoscope
  • Surrogacy

  • Bloom IVF Centre, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre


    Lilavati hospital was founded in year1978 and consider as one of the top multispeciality hospital in India. The hospital is fully occupied with advanced technologies and several dedicated departments for various services. Bloom IVF Centre is one of the department under Lilavati hospital that is specially dedicated for infertility or test tube baby treatments. IVF, ICSI, IUI, Blastocyst, EGG and Embryo Donation Embryo freezing, Assisted Laser Hatching and Surrogacy are the various treatments given by the centre.
    Address:Bandra Reclamation, Bandra (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra 400050

    Fortis Bloom IVF Centre, Fortis Lafemme Hospital


    Fortis is stand as one among the top hospitals in India. The hospital has great infrastructure with latest technologies and machineries. And among various departments they have specialized department for test tube baby treatments. they provides IVF, ICSI, IUI, frozen embryos and Assisted Laser Hatching infertility treatments in the centre.
    Address: Greater Kailash II, New Delhi, Delhi 110048

    5. Dr. Indira Hinduja


    Dr. Indira has completed MBBS, PhD, DFP, DGO and MD from Maharashtra and she has specialization in obstetrics and gynecology. With the rich experience of 48 years she has achieved various awards and membership in her medical career from various hospitals and several medical associations. She achieved Honorary Obstetrician and Gynaecology surgeon in Jaslok and Breach Candy hospital. Her area of interest is infertility, embryology and stem cells, Assisted Reproductive Technologies. She is providing test tube baby services and couple counseling in various hospitals. The services provided by Dr. Indira Hinduja are give below:

    Dr. Indira Hinduja is the most experienced gynecologist in Mumbai. With her great knowledge in infertility services she has produced great results as 55% success rate for IVF and 30% for IUI. she has expertise in almost all the field in gynecology and test tube baby treatments still her counseling is very affordable she charge Rs. 1,500 as her counseling fees. Followings are the hospitals where Dr. Indira provides her services.

  • Fertility Treatments
  • Fertility surgery
  • Genetic Testing
  • Donor surrogacy
  • Fertility preservation
  • Obstetrics/ Ante natal care

  • Hinduja Hospital


    Hinduja is one of the oldest and well known hospitals of India, Which was founded in 1951. the hospital has centre of excellence such as surgical solution for obesity, short stay service, hinduja IVF centre and many more. Hospital has socialization in cancer surgery, cancer urology, cardiology, infertility treatments, allergies and many more and they have respective clinics for all specialized departments. Dr Indira Hinduja offers her test tube baby treatment services in Hinduja Hospital too.
    Address:Asavari, Shivaji Park, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400016

    Jaslok Hospital


    The hospital was established in 1973 and enhanced with world most advanced technologies and equipments. The centre has specialized department for nephrology, cardiology, dentistry, gynecology, gastroenterology, general surgery, neurosurgery and many more. This multispecialty hospital of Mumbai is occupied with expert team of doctors and nurses. Dr. Indira Hinduja provides test tube baby services in hinduja hospital she is a Honorary obstetrician and gynecologist.
    Address: Pedder Road, IT Colony, Tardeo, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400026

    Breach Candy Hospital


    Breach candy hospital is also one among the oldest hospital of Mumbai. The hospital is stand as one of the prestigious hospital of India. The hospital has various departments for several treatments and researches. They are fully fitted with best equipments and technologies to serve their best to patients. The centre has specific department for gynecology, to serve quality test tube baby treatment to patients. Dr. Indira provides her services in obstetrics and gynecology department of the hospital.
    Address: Bhulabhai Desai Marg, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400026

    6. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar


    Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar has completed MBBS and MD and done specialization in obstetrics and gynecology. She is having 19 years of experience in test tube baby treatments. She has participated in various publications and achieved many awards in her medical career. Dr. Nisha offers her services for post pregnancy care, ante natal care and pre natal care and in high risk pregnancy. She used to provides her services such as:

    She has known as one of the reputed doctor for test tube baby in Delhi. With her expertise in gynecology she produces great rate of success as IVF- 65%, IUI-25% and surrogacy as 60%. She charges Rs. 1000 as her consultant fees. Dr. Nisha offers her services in the given hospitals such as:

  • IVF
  • IUI
  • ICSI
  • Embryo freezing

  • Aveya IVF


    Aveya IVF is a multispecialty clinic is consists of experienced surgeons that are trained in Japan, United States and produced great results in their medical career. The center is enhanced with advanced technologies and expert staff. And they known to provide services such as IVF, IUI, Egg donation, Egg and Embryo Freezing and various test tube baby treatments, but are famous to provide unique care and customized IVF.
    Address:Rajouri Garden, New Delhi, Delhi 110027

    BLK Hospital


    BLK is a super specialty hospital is equipped with around 650 beds and world class infrastructure. The hospital has experienced physicians and the latest tech nologies to serve their best to patients. The center is specialized in IVF and infertility treatments, liver transplant, ophthalmology, radiation oncology, gynecology and obstetrics and many more. They have dedicated department for test tube baby treatments where they provides IVF, IUI, ICSI, Surgical procedure and male infertility treatments.
    Address: Pusa Road, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110005

    7. Dr Asha Vijay


    Dr. Asha Vijay is a reputed name in fertility and test tube baby treatments. she has completed MBBS, DNB, DGO and currently she known as the founder and the medical director GarbhaGudi IVF centre. She has done specialization in gynecology and obstetrics sonology. She is having 16 years experience and becomes member of Federation of Obstetrics and gynecological societies of India. She has achieved many prestigious awards in her clinical career. Dr Asha Vijay provides various fertility treatments which are as follows:

    Dr Asha is consider as one among the best gynecologist in Bangalore as she gives 55% of success rate in IVF treatments and 70% in Surrogacy. She had given successful treatments to more than 20,000 patients and her consultation fees are Rs. 1000. Dr. Asha offers her services in the multiple branches of the centre given below

  • IVF
  • IUI
  • Surrogacy
  • HSG
  • Embryo donation
  • Egg and Semen donation
  • Male infertility

  • Garbhagudi IVF Centre


    The centre is occupied with world class infrastructure and enhaced with the best technologiese to put great results in fertility treatments. Dr. Asha is the founder of the centre. Centre provides great success rate in test tube baby treatments and they have various branches of the centre that work hard to treat infertility. IVF,IUI, HGS, surrogacy, Egg and Embryo donation are the various treatments offers by the centre. They are specialized to give modern treatments to achieve their best.
    Address:Konappana Agrahara, Electronic City, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560100

    8. Dr. Kaberi Banerjee


    Dr. Banerjee has completed MBBS , DNB, MD in Obstetrics and gynecology and MRCOG from UK. She has achieved great honor such as Bharat Jyoti Award and many more. She is a member of National Academy of Medical Science, Federation of Obstetrics and gynecological societies of India and Association of Obstetrician and gynecologist in Delhi. She has rich experience of more than 21 years in test tube baby treatments. She has expertise in IVF, ICSI and Frozen Embryo Replacement Cycle. Dr. Banerjee is consider as one of the finest gynecologist in Delhi. She offers various infertility treatments such as:

    With her great knowledge in Infertility treatments and gynecology she produced 51% of success rate in IVF treatments. She believes to provide quality treatment to the patients and she charge Rs. 1500 as her consultant fees. Dr Banerjee provide her services in Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre Delhi.

  • IVF
  • IUI
  • ICSI
  • Frozen Embryo
  • Ovarian Ablation
  • Surgical sperm Retrieval
  • Artificial Insemination
  • Hysterectomy

  • Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre


    The centre has state of the art infrastructure and fully fitted laboratory and advanced technology to serve their best. The centre in consider as best gynecology centre in Delhi to provide quality test tube baby treatments. Blastocyst culture, IVF, ICSI,Pre implantation Screening and Laser Assisted Hatching and many other various procedures are performed in the laboratory of the centre. IVF, ICSI, Donor Egg IVF, Failed IVF, Surrogacy, Egg Freezing and Pre implantation Genetic Diagnosis and many infertility treatments are provided by the centre.
    Address:Ring Road Lajpat Nagar 4, Near Moolchand Crossing, New Delhi, Delhi 110049

    9. Dr. Geetha Haripriya


    Dr. Geetha has done MBBS, DGO, MD in obstetrics and gynecology and she completed her fellow of Royal College of Obstetrician and Gynecologist from London. She has expertise in obstetrics, gynecology and test tube baby treatments. She is having more than 38 years of experience in the field of gynecology and infertility treatments. She is a member of Indian Association of Gynecological Endoscopist, Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction and Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecological societies of India. There are various services offers by Dr. Geetha are as follows:

    With her rich experience, Dr. Geetha has delivered more than 27,000 test tube babies. He has produced 51% success rate of IVF and 25% for IUI. she charge Rs. 1000 as her consultant fees. She provides her services in Prashanth Fertility Research Centre.

  • IVF
  • IUI
  • Assisted Laser Hatching
  • ICSI
  • Embryo donor program
  • Egg Donor
  • Clinical Embryologist

  • Prashanth Fertility Research Centre


    The centre is founded in year 2001, which is the leading fertility centre in Chennai. They are enhanced with ultra modern facilities and advanced equipments. Center has highly experienced team of doctors to produced their best. They known to provide various treatments such as 3D hysterolaproscopy, high tech IVF, ICSI, IMSI, IUI, Blastocyst, Embryo donor, Assisted Laser Hatching, semen cryopreservation etc. pediatrics, cosmetology, oncology, endocrinology and test tube baby treatments are the specialty of the centre. They are known to serve high tech treatments in their centre.
    Address:Pachayappas College, Chetpet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600031

    10. Dr. Dakshayani D


    Dr. Dakshayani has done MBBS, DGO and Diploma in Reproductive medicine from Germany. She id having more than 22 years of experience in gynecology. She has expertise in gynecology and infertility treatments and her area of interest in reproductive medicines are such as sub fertility and infertility treatments, counseling for infertile couples, management of high risk antenatal cases, management of DUB/ Ovarian cyst with advance technology like hysteroscopy etc. she has membership of Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction, Obstetric and Gynaec Society of India and many more. Dr Dakshayani offers many test tube baby treatments such as:

    Dr. Dakshayani produced great success rate with her experience in the field of infertility. The success rate of IVF is 55% and IUI is 30% and 78% for surrogacy. She charge Rs. 1000 as her consultant fees. She offers her services in Apollo Fertility:

  • IVF
  • IUI
  • Surrogacy
  • ICSI
  • Endometrial Receptivity Array
  • ART consultant
  • Infertility treatments

  • Apollo Fertility


    Apollo Fertility centre is dedicated to work towards fertility treatments. The centre is fully fitted with latest technologies, world class infrastructure highly qualified doctors and staff. They believe to give quality treatments to their patients, to provide best test tube baby treatments to their patients. IVF, IUI, ICSI, IMSI, Laser Assisted Hatching, Ovulation Induction, Sperm Freezing, HSG are the several gynecological treatments provided by the centre.
    Address:: Anna Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600040

    Now let us understand the steps involved in test tube baby process. The steps for test tube baby break in four phases. People planning for IVF treatment should know the test tube baby procedure in depth.

    What is test tube baby process ?

    IVF procedure – An Overview

    Step 1 - Egg stimulation: Patient is given fertility medications to stimulate the production of egg.

      To increase the success rate of the treatment multiple eggs are needed. Usually it not advisable to rely on single egg for which the doctor gives fertility drug to increase the production of eggs.

    Depending upon the patient's response medications are advised. There are various protocols for egg stimulation.

    Egg stimulation is guided by Transvaginal ultrasound to examine ovaries, blood samples and to determine the level of hormones.

    Step 2 - Egg Retrieval: Imaging ultra sound is used to retain ovarian follicles with the help of hollow needle. Retrieval of egg is followed with minor surgery

    Complete procedure takes about half an hour. The follicular fluids are carefully seen by embryologist to trace the proof of available eggs.

    After the entire procedure eggs are preserved in incubator till insemination.

    Step 3 - Culture of Fertilization and Embryo: For insemination male sperm sample is collected

    Eggs are mixed with the sperms and stored in laboratory

    If there are chances of low probability of fertilization, ICSI can be considered.

    To enable fertilization single sperm is infused in the egg

    Fertilized eggs are considered as embryos only after the confirmation by an embryologist.

    Step 4 - Transfer of egg and quality of Embryo: Embryo transfer is the quickest method done in overall treatment

    Embryo is assessed on the basis of age and quality.

    Doctor is asked to keep the full history of the patient starting from age to previous treatment, but the end decision is taken by patient itself

    Under normal situation, doctor suggests transferring single embryo with blastocyst and rest of them are preserved. Transfer of one high quality embryo decreases the risk of triplets or twins.

    During transferring, doctor inserts Cather and pushes pre determined embryos in the female uterus

    This method is done under guidance of ultra sound. Patient is advised to take rest for 5- 6 hours after it

    After this method, pregnancy test is conducted to know the exact situation.

    Be aware of these issues before undergoing the test tube baby process (IVF Treatment)

       Test tube baby process drains you out physically, financially and emotionally. Also, there is no guarantee that it will be 100 % successful.Some of the best IVF centres in India such as Ivf centres in Mumbai have high success rate which will increase your chances of conceiving. There are chances that it may not work out for you in the end.

      The number of cycles required for test tube baby procedure may vary from patient to patient. The success of test tube baby in India depends on many factors such as the degree of infertility, the age of the woman and the quality of the egg and semen.Choosing the right fertility center is very important and luckily the metro cities in India especially the IVF center in Bangalore provides the best IVF and test tube baby treatment with reasonable cost and advanced technology.The process of test tube baby is very unpredictable as some may conceive in the first cycle itself while others may need several cycles to conceive. While there are some women who cannot conceive even after undergoing several test tube baby cycles.

      There are different treatment options available depending on your fertility. To get more information about the treatment in brief you can watch test baby procedure video in hindi or other languages based on your preference.You can opt for mini-test tube baby process if your fertility issues are not very severe. Lower doses of fertility drugs are used during this procedure due to which even the cost of the treatment decreases. If ovulation is not a problem then you may be eligible for a natural cycle wherein no fertility drugs are involved.Test tube baby processes can be complex and should be done by experienced doctors. Ivf centres in Delhi have some of the best fertility surgeons who provide this treatment with sincerity and compassion and also Delhi are emerging ad one of the best cities in IVF treatment

      Having a clear idea about the test tube baby price while going for this treatment will help you set the budget for your treatment and cause you less anxiety.Also, it will avoid any misunderstanding with the clinic regarding the cost of test tube baby procedure.If you are looking out for IVF treatment at an affordable price then you can visit the best Ivf centers in Chennai provides excellent treatment which is at par with international standards at an economic cost

      You have to be very patient during the procedure of test tube baby as only about 35 – 40% people conceiving in the first cycle itself. Age plays a very crucial role regarding the number of cycles you may need. Women in their forties may need multiple cycles to conceive.

      Most important is the understanding between partners regarding the process of test tube baby.As this is a time-consuming treatment and you need to decide for how long you would persist with the treatment.Setting a definite goal will help maintain your relationship and not cause unnecessary tension.

    It is necessary that you have a detailed information about the test tube baby procedure step by step and also the cost of the treatment before going for the treatment.You can also refer to the test tube baby images and videos given on the page to get a better idea.If you want any added information then visit such as test tube baby Wikipedia page.

    Below are some of the common FAQ's regarding test tube baby process

    Who may not benefit from test tube baby treatment?

    As egg production slows down as women starts approaching the age of 40, this even reduces the changes of getting pregnant with IVF. If you have crossed your age of 35yrs. then you can consider donor eggs. This would help you achieve the pregnancy rates all women have at all ages however there is greater risk of miscarriage.

    How many IVF cycles are required for test tube baby process to be a success?

    Usually about one third of the patients experience live birth after the first cycle. For women who undergo about 3 cycles the chances increase up to 70% to 75%. However, the success rate depends on lot of other factors as well.

    What is test tube baby treatment budget ? what are the payment options you can have to afford the treatment ?

    The average cost for test tube baby in India would be around Rs. 200000 to Rs. 400000. However, there are some government recognized hospitals like AIIMS and few others charge as low as Rs. 70000 to Rs. 85000 Other than this, a few private clinics charge on per cycle basis. Whereas some offering multiple IVF cycle packages. Always discuss with the clinic, the payment options you can get before starting the treatment.

    What are the test tube baby treatment deciding factors ?

     Patient’s age : Success rates decreases as the age of the women increases especially above 40 years.
     Embryo Quality : Embryos having chromosomal and genetic problems are extremely weak and are not suitable for this treatment
     Ovarian Response : If the ovaries do not react positively to the medications and are unable to produce multiple eggs.
    Implantation problems : Around 50% of the cases fail due to implantation problems. This can happen when the embryo stops growing unknowingly.

    Is test tube baby procedure painful?

    Sometimes women find implantation to be painful.To conduct the implantation without pain,they are given pain killer tablets and injections.

    What are the symptoms after the treatment ?

    Usually IVF patients experience irregular periods or spotting after two weeks of implantation. As the embryo moves into the uterus it causes bleeding and pain. This shows pregnancy but it is not confirmed. Changes in the breast are the best symptoms for IVF pregnancy. Visit the best IVF centers in India for treatment to ensure greater success rates.


    When is IVF required?

    • IVF is an ART technique (Assisted Reproductive Technique), which is helpful for the people who cannot conceive a baby through normal intercourse
    • IVF requires following cases, but it is not considered to be the last hope

    1) Problem with sperm:  when male partner sperm is not in adequate quantity then IVF is required with ICSI, and IVF procedure is helpful to them, who need their sperm to be penetrated in the egg for fertilization

    2) Problem with ovulation:  for releasing the healthy eggs IVF is required, when ovary is not working properly

    3) Problems with Fallopian tube:  through uterus, egg travels in the fallopian tube, in some cases if the fallopian tubes gets blocked due to any disease, then the only option left with the couple is IVF

    4) Uterine problems: ART can be used to overcome uterine problems, and problems related to conceiving

    5) Cervix problem: sexual intercourse can be affected if the cervix response abnormally. In this case IUI (Intra-uterine Insemination) or IVF is required for a mother to get pregnant

    6) Genetic Testing:  suppose a partner is suffering from certain disease, and if they have fear that the disease can be passed to the new born baby, then IVF technique is needed

    7) Death of partner : IVF treatment is very helpful in the case if the partner is not alive, and the couple has stored its sperm or egg before

    8) Surrogacy : surrogacy means, if the female partner is unable to conceive a child, then the baby is carried in the womb of another lady. IVF is useful so that sperm or egg produced by another partner can be transferred to surrogate uterus

    9) Egg freezing:  in case of egg freezing egg stimulation and egg retrieval is needed. Frozen eggs are kept at cool place and is transferred to embryo after couple's decision for pregnancy

    10) Same sex : IVF is used for people with same sex also. Whether it is lesbian, gay couples. It is possible only if sperm of third person of opposite sex is taken

    11) Single parent : people those who don't want to get married; still want a baby, being single parent IVF can be useful to them, by donating the egg or sperm.

    Success rate:     
    Patient should understand the chances of conceiving and this depends upon various factors, from which the most important are:

    • Patient's age: the important role in conceiving is age. As your age increases or as you grow old your chances of getting pregnant lowers down.

    1. Whereas, age factor is more in case of female as compared to males.
    2. In order to know the effects of age on pregnancy through IVF, refer the following chart that is based on survey records till 2010
    3. 32.2% for women aged under 35
    4. 27.7% for women aged between 35–37
    5. 20.8% for women aged between 38–39
    6. 13.6% for women aged between 40–42
    7. 5.0% for women aged between 43–44
    8. 1.9% for women aged 45 and over
    There is an inverse relation between success rate and the age. Moreover, you can understand by this chart, that how much are the chance of success when you go for its treatment.
    • Some other factors :
    1. Your level of fitness, previous medical history, presence of any complications, lifestyle, etc. Keeping all this condition in mind you must contact your fertility specialist to undergo some of the tests and assessment, so that your doctor can understand the situation
    2. Expertise of your clinic or hospital

    As you cannot change your age or past history but you can make your chances positive of being pregnant by getting nothing but the best treatment under the hands of IVF experts.

    Advanced techniques which help in reproduction

    Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes many advanced techniques that increase your chance of conceiving through test tube baby procedure.

    1) Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):
    During this treatment, the sperm is directly placed in the woman’s uterus using a long narrow tube. It is mostly used in cases where the sperm count is low or has low mobility. It is also used for women who have a defect in the cervix.

    2) Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI):
    ICSI is used in cases of severe male-factor infertility. A single sperm is injected directly into an egg by the embryologist to increase your chance to conceive successfully.

    3) Donor egg or sperm:
    Donor eggs are used when the eggs produced by the woman is not healthy enough for fertilization. They are also used by the woman who has her ovaries removed, are a carrier of genetic diseases or has undergone radiation or chemotherapy.

    Donor sperm is used when the person is unable to produce any sperm or has a very low sperm count. Also, people having genetic diseases prefer using donor sperm.

    4) Surrogacy:
    A surrogate is a person who carries the child of another couple in her uterus and gives birth to the child but is not the biological mother of the child. The couple may have to use a surrogate for several reasons such as the woman does not have a uterus, there are some issues with the uterus that makes it hard for her to conceive or has some medical issues that make the pregnancy dangerous for the woman.

    5) Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT):
    During this procedure, the sperm and the eggs are combined in the laboratory and are straightaway transferred to your fallopian tubes through a small incision in your abdomen. The eggs are fertilized inside your body and the implantation of the embryo takes place naturally.

    6) Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT):
    During ZIFT procedure, the eggs are mixed with your sperm in the laboratory but the doctor waits for them to fertilize before transferring the embryo to the fallopian tube with the help of a small incision in the abdomen.

    7) Cytoplasmic transfer:
    This procedure involves the transfer of the content of a fertile egg from a donor to the infertile egg of the patient along with the sperm.

    Risks involved during the process of test tube baby

    Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome –
    During the procedure of test tube baby, there is a risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome due to the use of fertility drugs such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). The drugs may cause the ovaries to overreact, due to which they swell up and are painful. The patient experiences bloating, vomiting, nausea, heartburn, loss of appetite, diarrhea and mild abdominal pain which may last for about a week. It is quite rare, but in severe cases, it may cause shortness of breath and rapid weight gain. However, the symptoms may last for several weeks if you have conceived. Do not let this complication scare you as most of the cases are mild and can be easily treated.

    Complications during egg retrieval -
    During the process of egg retrieval, the doctor uses a hollow needle to collect the eggs which may cause infection, bleeding or damage to the blood vessels, bowel or bladder.

    Ectopic Pregnancy -
    Ectopic pregnancy occurs if the fertilized egg implants itself outside the uterus in the fallopian tube. This can happen to around 2-5% women who have conceived with the help of test tube baby procedure. As it is not possible for the fertilized eggs to survive outside the uterus, the pregnancy has to be terminated.

    Miscarriage -
    The chances of miscarriage in women who have conceived by the procedure of test tube baby using fresh embryos is similar to women who have conceived naturally. But the rate of miscarriage increases slightly if frozen embryos are used or if the age of the women is on the higher side.

    Multiple births -
    It is one of the major complication of test tube baby process as it increases the risk of multiple births. This happens when more than one embryo is transferred to the uterus. Multiple births can cause lots of complications such as miscarriage, obstetrical complications, early labor and low birth weight.

    Early labor and low birth weight -
    According to the researchers, the process of test tube baby may slightly increase the risk of the baby being born early or having low birth weight.

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