Obesity and Overweight- A major cause that leads to knee replacement surgeries in India.

Here are all the factors and causes related to Overweight and Obesity that you must know about.

By Ezaz Rahaman

Updated on 04th, Jan'22

Nowadays Obesity and overweight have become a global outbreak. Its prevalence is very high in urban areas, more among the non-poor households in India. Obesity and overweight are one of the major reasons for increasing the possibility of knee replacement surgery and one also might want to know about the knee replacement surgery cost in India. This article will discuss osteoarthritis, obesity, and the problems associated with the knee in an obese population.

 

The factors leading to overweight and obesity are:

  1. Excessive intake of energy-dense food.
  2. Sedentary lifestyle. And,
  3. Lack of physical activity.

 

Obesity and Overweight

Obesity is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a body mass index (BMI) of greater than 30 kg/m2 that may impair a person’s health.  A BMI between 25 kg/m2 and 30 kg/m2 is defined as Overweight.

 

Causes

It has been a subject of debate.  Few say that obesity is caused by overeating, and intake of net positive calorific leads to weight gain. How diet affects body weight cannot be controlled and therefore more of the evidence is backward. Although there is a need for well-controlled studies to guide future management of obesity. Procedures for knee replacement are more difficult and time-consuming in people who are overweight because they have excess fatty tissue surrounding their joints. 

 

Other than knee problems obesity and overweight also leads to diabetes, ischaemic heart disease burden, and cancer burdens. In the age group of 18 to 59 years, almost 52% went for total knee replacement (TKR).  Men and women from all age groups are affected. Compared to normal patients, obese patients are at an increased risk of knee replacement surgery. The younger patients are also more affected by it. Knee replacement surgery can be reduced by 31% if people adopt weight reduction strategies. Here are some of the best knee replacement surgery hospitals in India. Also, we have listed some of the top knee replacement surgeons in India and also some of the best hospitals in India.

Osteoarthritis

OA may be defined as a condition of progressive loss of articular cartilage within a joint resulting in pain. It can be of two types. Primary OA has a genetic basis but no other underlying pre-determinants.

 

Secondary OA may develop as a consequence of multiple causes. It is basically common between siblings and especially identical twins. The knee joint is commonly affected by OA. Obesity is a recognized risk factor for developing knee OA. In the development of osteoarthritis, nutrition has no direct role to play. More intake of proteins and calcium helps strengthen the bones which in turn prevents the progression of arthritis and pain. If you are having issues related to uric acid then it needs to be controlled by going for an appropriate diet because if untreated it can increase arthritis. If in childhood poor nutrition is provided it can lead to bowing of the legs which in turn will cause malalignment and then osteoarthritis.

 

The body weight of a person is focused on the knee joints. The end of bones that form a knee is covered with cartilage that is responsible for smooth movement. More pressure on the cartilage leads to its early wear. When this condition pops up, it leads to osteoarthritis. 

 

Severe osteoarthritis (OA) leads to knee replacement surgery. The surgery involves the replacement of knee joints with artificial material. The state-of-the-art surgical technique improves the accuracy of knee replacement surgery from 80% to 99.9%. It ensures proper placement of the implant and alignment of the artificial knee. There are a lot of hospitals that are providing knee replacement surgery with proper consultation, to offload some of the pain here is the list of the best knee replacement hospital in Bangalore.

 

So here to conclude I would like to say that Obesity is an increasing worldwide problem. Proper measures should be taken to overcome them. Especially the young generation should take a healthy diet and pursue a healthy lifestyle to avoid overweight and obesity. Overall evidence suggests obese patients are at increased risk of premature joint failure.

Frequently Asked Questions
Question and Answers (232)

Hello sir, my mother is having severe knee joint pain. She can't walk properly, cant stand for long time. In x ray there is gap between bones. In bhopal mp dr told for surgery. Should I go for it Or it may cure by non surgical procedure

Asked anonymously on 27th September, 2022 at 9:10 am
from scenario you mentioned it looks like your mother has osteoarthritis of knee and has been advised knee replacement.

difficult to comment without xray and patient.

D

Dr. Sunny Dole

I am having neck pain for 1 year 6 months now...i did every scans i did MRI , CT and even XRay found nothing....I did physiotherapy and even excercise for 3 months .... But still there is pain

Asked anonymously on 26th September, 2022 at 6:05 pm
ok. looks like there could be more to it. can you post your xray photo and MRI report photo.

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Dr. Sunny Dole

Sir I have scoliosis for past 7years is scoliosis surgery safe to do it

Asked anonymously on 26th September, 2022 at 5:42 pm
depending on degree of curvature, yes it should be done to avoid future problems as you seem young to me


D

Dr. Sunny Dole

I am suffering with lower back pain with disc bulge at l5-s1 level..every doctor is suggesti g for surgery. But i am confused with different procedures microdiscectomy endoscopic with matrex, key hole . In confusion with all these procedures . Plz guide me with the details of all these kinds and which one is best for me

Asked anonymously on 25th September, 2022 at 6:13 pm
trust the surgeon and go ahead. outcome will be good with any mentioned procedure.


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Dr. Sunny Dole

Sir meri age 26 years hai I have shoulder pain neck pain and back pain. Sir ye problems 7 to 8 years se ho rhi h. Eske liye mai altrasound and MRI jach bhi karwaya likin sb normal hi dikha hai Dard kuchh jyada kam karne se suru ho jata hai phir kuchh Dino tk jyada tej dard rhta hai phir dhire dhire automatic thik ho jata h

Asked anonymously on 22nd September, 2022 at 6:16 pm
pl get alternative therapy - Acupuncture and acupressure done you will get permanent relief without medicine without surgery. 
take care
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Dr. Hanisha Ramchandani
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