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Stem cell treatment for male infertility

Embark on a journey to overcome the hurdles of fatherhood with pioneering stem cell treatment for male infertility.

  • Stem Cell
By Shweta Kulshreshtha 19th Dec '23 14th Apr '24
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Infertility affects a large part of the global population. WHO estimates that approximately 17.8% of couples, or roughly 1 in 6 couples, experience infertility worldwide. This statistic emphasises the critical need for advanced treatment options. Stem cell therapy is being viewed as a promising approach for treating male infertility. A report from India highlighted that 50% of infertility cases result from reproductive diseases in men, while 25% are categorized as unexplained infertility with no clearly defined etiology. The male factor contributes to approximately 23% of infertility cases in Indian couples seeking treatment. Stem cells offer new treatment possibilities due to their self-renewal and differentiation capabilities. Different types of stem cells are being investigated for different types of male infertility, like azoospermia, oligospermia, and erectile dysfunction. Amongst these, azoospermia is seen in almost 15 -20% of all infertile men. Many stem cell institutes and healthcare experts worldwide recommend this approach. Despite ongoing research, this method has benefited numerous patients and shown safety and effectiveness in various studies for different conditions.

Let’s see how stem cells can unlock the future of male fertility treatments.

How Does Stem Cell Treatment Work for Male Infertility?

Stem cell therapy is a promising approach for treating certain male infertility issues, particularly those linked to defective spermatogenesis, which contributes to 25-50% of cases. The treatment uses stem cells to repair and regenerate damaged testicular tissue, potentially improving sperm production and reproductive function. 

Let's understand the process of how stem cells work for male infertility:

  1. Isolation of Stem Cells: Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) or mesenchymal stem cells are harvested from the testes.
  2. SSC Therapy: These cells are cultured in lab settings to develop into mature sperm.

  1. Amplification: The stem cells are cultivated to increase their quantity before transplantation.
  2. Differentiation: Cultured stem cells are induced to become sperm precursors.
  3. Transplantation: These cells are injected into the testes to integrate and boost sperm production.
  4. Monitoring: Progress is regularly assessed through sperm quality and production evaluations.
  5. Addressing Causes: The therapy targets underlying issues like impaired sperm production or function.
  6. Safety Measures: Potential risks, such as tumor development, are carefully monitored through preclinical studies and clinical trials to ensure safety and efficacy.

Want to know how stem cells work for male infertility from our experts - schedule your appointment now.


Know how the transformative potential of stem cells for male infertility offers a dual promise — one of safety and another of promoting reproductive health. 

Is Stem Cell Safe for Male Infertility Treatment?

Stem cell therapy is a new and developing field in medicine. It shows promise for helping with male infertility, but it's still mainly in the testing phase and not widely used yet. 

Here are some important things to know:

  • Experimental Stage: Many stem cell therapies for male infertility are being tested in studies or clinical trials.
  • Safety Concerns: Like any medical treatment, stem cell therapy can have risks. These include immune system reactions, the chance of infections, and the possibility that the cells might change unexpectedly.
  • Ethical and Regulatory Issues: Using stem cells from embryos can raise ethical questions and face legal restrictions in many places.
  • Varies by Person: How well stem cell treatments work can differ depending on what's causing the infertility. 

It's also a good idea to look at other well-established treatments for male infertility, such as medication, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Although stem cell therapy holds promise, do approach it with caution. Rely on evidence and expert medical advice. 

What Are the Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy for Different Types of Male Infertility?

Let's look at the advantages of stem cell therapy: 

Stimulating Sperm Production:

  • Stem cells can differentiate into sperm-producing germ cells, which may help with low sperm counts and impaired sperm production.
  • Studies show that transplanted stem cells can multiply significantly, supporting their use in sperm production potentially benefiting men, transgender, and non-binary individuals with fertility issues.

Testicular Tissue Regeneration:

  • Stem cells can repair damaged testicular tissue, which is useful for those affected by chemotherapy or radiation.


  • Affecting about 1% of men and up to 20% of male infertility cases, azoospermia involves the absence of sperm in semen.
  • Stem cell therapy is being explored to develop sperm in those with azoospermia.

Different Types of Male Infertility

Erectile Dysfunction:

  • Erectile dysfunction leads to impotence. Promising results have been seen in cell-based and animal studies with ongoing human research.

Sexual Dysfunction:

  • Treatments involve injecting mesenchymal stem cells, taken from the patient’s bone marrow, into the penis via the cavernosal arteries to help with sexual dysfunction.


  • Oligospermia, a condition marked by low sperm count, is treatable with stem cell therapy, which has shown high success rates.

Hormonal Regulation:

  • Stem cells may help regulate hormonal balance in the male reproductive system, addressing hormonal imbalances contributing to infertility.

Reduced Risk of Rejection:

  • Autologous stem cell treatments, which use the patient’s stem cells, lower the risk of immune system rejection.

Despite promising potential benefits, we understand that it is still experimental.

Take charge of your reproductive health- get in touch with us now for personalized treatment options.

Want to know if you could be eligible and the costs involved, then read further.

Who is a Suitable Candidate for Stem Cell Treatment for male infertility?

Look at some key factors to determine your eligibility:

  • Check for Related Conditions: See if your infertility might be linked to issues like testicular damage or problems making sperm, which stem cell treatments could help with.
  • Get a Medical Check-Up: Have a detailed check-up to find out the exact cause of your infertility and check if stem cell therapy might be a good option.
  • Think About Your Health: Consider your overall health and any other medical conditions you have. 
  • Talk to Experts: Speak with reproduction and stem cell specialists to understand the treatment’s benefits and risks.
  • Follow the rules and Guidelines: Ensure you follow all ethical and legal rules. Knowing these will help you make a well-informed decision.
  • Stay Informed: Keep up with the latest studies and clinical trials on stem cell treatments. The latest clinical trials show a success rate of 56% in obtaining spermatozoa in the ejaculate of previously azoospermic men.
  • Pre-Treatment Assessment: Blood Tests, Infectious Diseases Testing, Urine Analysis, Physical Examination, and X-rays.

What is the Cost of Stem Cell Treatment for Male Infertility?

The cost of stem cells for male infertility can vary widely. It depends on several factors. Like the specific type of treatment, the clinic or medical facility, and the geographic location. It also depends on additional medical procedures involved. 
Here are a few estimates and cost comparisons of stem cell therapy for male infertility treatment :

India: $8,000 to $12,000
United States: $40,000 to $80,000
Europe: $30,000 to $60,000
Mexico: $5,000 to $10,000

How long does it typically take to see results from stem cell treatment for male infertility?

The timeline for seeing results varies. 

  • Several factors influence it.
    Time is required for the stem cells to integrate, differentiate, and promote tissue repair. 
  • The success depends on the severity and nature of the infertility condition.
    In some cases, individuals may see improvements within a few months of treatment. 
  • While for others, it may take longer. 
  • Follow-up assessments and monitoring by fertility experts are essential. 

If are you worried about the success rates of stem cell treatment in male infertility, then read on. 

What is the success rate of stem cell therapy in improving male fertility?

General considerations regarding success rates of stem cell treatment in male infertility:

  • Few Proven Treatments: Most stem cell treatments for male infertility are still experimental. Not all of them have clear success rates. But for oligospermia, a few viable cells are in the sperm-producing part of the testis. Here, the success rate is very high. Around 95% or more.
  • Different Causes of Infertility: Male infertility has different reasons, such as low sperm count, problems with sperm movement, or structural issues. 
  • Research Findings: Studies show how successful the stem cell treatment might be. However early results might not match long-term outcomes.
  • Personal Differences: Your overall health, age, and specific details of infertility could affect how likely it is to work for you.
  • Limited Long-Term Information: Keep an eye on things over time. To see if any improvements last.

Can stem cell treatment prevent genetic causes of male infertility?

  • Exploring Options: Researchers are investigating if stem cells can address genetic factors causing male infertility, such as chromosomal defects and mutations.
  • Gene Editing: Techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 are considered for modifying infertility-related genes, though they raise ethical and safety concerns.
  • Role of Stem Cells: Studies examine whether stem cells can repair or replace defective germ cells necessary for sperm production.
  • Assessing Risks: The safety and effectiveness of these treatments are under scrutiny to understand their long-term impacts.
  • Regulations: Stem cell therapies for genetic infertility must meet stringent regulatory standards through thorough testing and evaluation.


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Question and Answers

Does stem cell therapy help Parkinson’s disease?

Female | 70

Stem cell treatment may be an option to relieve symptoms of Parkinson's disease. For a better understanding talk to the specialists

Answered on 23rd May '24

Dr. Pradeep Mahajan

Dr. Pradeep Mahajan

When will available stem cells dental implants

Male | 24

Stem cell implantation in dentistry is not fully tested, and these dental implants are not widely used. You should consult with a qualified dental professional such as a periodontist or an oral surgeon, so that they can determine the best treatment plan for your situation.

Answered on 23rd May '24

Dr. Pradeep Mahajan

Dr. Pradeep Mahajan

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