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  1. Home /
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Gestational Diabetes and Autism

Discover the link between Gestational Diabetes and Autism. Explore insights and connections for informed awareness. Learn more here.

  • Neurology
  • General Physicians
By Shweta Kulshreshtha 23rd Nov '23 9th Jan '24
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Step into the world of health where we unravel a special connection—gestational diabetes and autism. Uncover hidden links between medicine and these two factors. Let's explore how gestational diabetes and autism might be more connected than we think.

Did You Know?

Globally, about 17 million women develop gestational diabetes every year. Affecting up to 13% of pregnancies worldwide. It’s linked to a 42% higher likelihood of a child developing autism. Autism, prevalent in over 1% of children born this decade, has a genetic component. But it also correlates with maternal diabetes, including gestational diabetes. 

Let’s explore these links to empower proactive measures for pregnant mothers to have healthy babies. 

What Is Gestational Diabetes? 

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Its primary characteristic is high blood sugar levels. It often occurs in women who didn't have diabetes before pregnancy. 
 

Diabetes

Let’s find out if Gestational Diabetes affects pregnancy or not!

How Can It Affect Pregnancy?

It can impact pregnancy by increasing the risk of complications for both the mother and the child. It may lead to:

Controlling it is vital to mitigate these risks and ensure a healthier pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes can affect pregnancy by causing high blood sugar levels. These can lead to various complications if left untreated. 

For the mother, this might mean a higher risk of high blood pressure, needing a cesarean delivery, or developing type 2 diabetes later on. 

It has been seen that women who were diagnosed with diabetes after 26 weeks of pregnancy did not have a higher risk of having a child with ASD.

For the child, it could result in being larger than usual, preterm birth, low blood sugar after birth, or other health issues. 

Managing gestational diabetes through diet, exercise, and sometimes medication is crucial. This will reduce associated risks and help to have a healthier pregnancy.

How Can Gestational Diabetes Affect Pregnancy?

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Ever wondered how experts diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorder in children? Join us for a quick dive into the fascinating process. 

How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosed in Children?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is diagnosed through a comprehensive evaluation. It involves observing the child's behavior and development. This evaluation usually includes assessments by healthcare professionals, psychologists, or developmental pediatricians. 

A diagnosis of the child's developmental history is carried out. Standardized tests are conducted to assess social interaction, communication, and behavior. The various factors and behaviors associated with ASD are evaluated. This will help to make an accurate diagnosis.

How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosed in Children?

Ever wondered about the potential link between managing gestational diabetes and reducing the risk of autism? Let's delve into this intriguing question.

What Research Shows About the Link Between Gestational Diabetes and Autism?

Research suggests a possible link between gestational diabetes and a higher chance of autism in children. High sugar levels during pregnancy might affect the baby's brain development. This can lead to conditions like autism. But more research is needed.

Studies have shown that, if the risk of having a child with autism is about 1.5%. Along with gestational diabetes, the risk rises to a little over 2%. 

It also shows that women who were diagnosed with diabetes after 26 weeks of pregnancy did not have a higher risk of having a child with ASD.This might be because those kids were exposed to high blood sugar after a crucial time for brain development, or because their moms' diabetes was mild.

Link Between Gestational Diabetes and Autism
Does Managing Gestational Diabetes Reduce Autism Risk?

Managing gestational diabetes is crucial for a healthy pregnancy. It's not yet clear if controlling it will reduce the risk of autism in children. However, controlling blood sugar levels during pregnancy is vital. It safeguards the health of both the mother and the baby.

Studies done earlier showed that the major cause of gestational diabetes is excess serum xanthurenic acid. This is usually present in blood at very low levels. It combines with insulin molecules and blocks its activity. This xanthurenic acid-insulin complex can’t activate insulin receptors as well as insulin alone does. This will make your blood sugar levels rise. 

Take charge of your health and your life – Contact us today!

Are There Preventative Measures for Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy?

Following steps can lower the risk of gestational diabetes during pregnancy:

  • Following a healthy lifestyle by eating well
  • Regular exercise
  • Controlling weight gain during pregnancy
  • Monitoring blood sugar levels
  • Getting prenatal care
  • Dietary supplements: Research suggests that dietary supplements containing myo-inositol might reduce the risk of gestational diabetes. This could be because myo-inositol can make insulin work better.
  • It is thought that having a vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk of gestational diabetes. But more research is required to know if taking vitamin D supplements has a preventive effect.
  • Certain dietary supplements, such as omega 3 fatty acids (fish oil), are sometimes claimed to help prevent gestational diabetes. 

Lifestyle Changes for Gestational Diabetes

Wondering about the future for kids born to moms with gestational diabetes? Let's dive into the long-term implications.

What Are the Long-Term Implications for Children Born to Mothers with Gestational Diabetes?

They are as follows: 

Elevated Health Risks: The offspring of such mothers have higher health risks. It includes a higher probability of: 

  1. Obesity
  2. Type 2 Diabetes
  3. Other metabolic conditions 

Studies show that gestational diabetes is associated with incident diabetes in offspring. Especially during childhood and adolescence. 

  • Risk Management: 
  1. Monitoring health
  2. Dietary habits,, decrease carbohydrates in the diet.
  3. Increase physical activity
  4. Regular medical check-ups play a pivotal role in minimizing these health risks.
  • Positive Prognosis: With proper medical support, and guidance, most of the children born to mothers with gestational diabetes can navigate these risks and lead healthy, fulfilling lives. Early intervention and proactive health measures can significantly impact their long-term well-being.

Long-Term Implications for Children Born to Mothers with Gestational Diabetes

Take charge of your child’s well-being. Reach out to us today!

References:

https://www.phs.group.cam.ac.uk/2021/01/05/33-women-gestational-diabetes-type-2-diabetes-050121/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41398-020-01096-7

https://www.meridianvalleylab.com/you-can-prevent-and-reverse-gestational-diabetes-and-low-your-childs-risk-of-autism/

https://sprintmedical.in/blog/gestational-diabetes-and-autism

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Question and Answers

What happens if someone ages 30, takes 7 dolo 650 at a time?

Female | 30

Side effects depends on age weight & other symptoms like if vomiting done or not . Kindly visit nearby local doctor for detailed physical examination.

Answered on 17th June '24

Dr. Aparna More

Dr. Aparna More

I'm 21 years old and I take the 2 capsule of the vitamin e 400g and I didn't sleep well and my brain is too much heavy

Male | 21

Seems that insomnia and the sensation that your brain is heavy might have appeared after you consumed two 400mg Vitamin E capsules. The reason is that Vitamin E overdose suppresses the nervous system and symptoms like insomnia which may be accompanied by feelings of confusion. Get enough hydration, eat well, and stay away from Vitamin E. 

Answered on 14th June '24

Dr. Gurneet Sawhney

Dr. Gurneet Sawhney

I have nuero mylities optica NMO DISEASE, is nmo disease affect pregnancy???

Female | 26

NMO disease is an illness that damages the spinal cord and the optic nerves. During pregnancy, NMO can have diverse effects on an individual. Some may see an improvement in symptoms, while others might experience worsening. This issue is so far unresearched, and we still haven’t got concrete answers to how childbirth affects NMO. Discuss any worries with your doctor to keep yourself and your baby safe.

Answered on 14th June '24

Dr. Gurneet Sawhney

Dr. Gurneet Sawhney

I am 15 years old I am decide to take fish oil tablets how much mg and how need to take a day

Male | 16

Fish oil is a commonly consumed dietary supplement as it is widely used to promote heart health, battle inflammation, and remind the brain's function under it. For a 15-year-old, the recommended maximum amount a day would range from 500 mg to 1000 mg. Try taking the tablets with food to enhance the absorption process. Be cautious that you only select those supplements that have high quality to ensure that you are experiencing the best advantages of the supplement. If you have any specific health problems or health conditions, you should consult with your physician.

Answered on 14th June '24

Dr. Babita Goel

Dr. Babita Goel

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